Night Lights Classic Jazz

The Carla Bley Songbook

Carla Bley is renowned today for her big-band writing, but it was small-group recordings of her work in the 1960s that introduced her to the jazz world.

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Carla Bley

Photo: Tod Papageorge

Carla Bley in 1968 at a Jazz Composers Orchestra recording session.

Carla Bley is renowned today for her big-band writing and its wide-ranging use of musical and emotional elements, but it was small-group recordings of her work in the 1960s by musicians such as Jimmy Giuffre, Gary Burton, George Russell, and her husband Paul Bley that introduced her to the jazz world.

In her teens Bley abandoned home, religion, and school, eventually making her way to New York City, where she worked as a hatcheck and cigarette girl in jazz clubs such as Basin Street and Birdland. She also met Paul Bley, a young up-and-coming Canadian jazz pianist she’d end up marrying and moving with to Los Angeles.

There the Bleys became a part of the late-1950s avant-jazz scene, highlighted by Paul Bley’s stint with Ornette Coleman’s quartet—and Carla Bley, taking in all of the adventurous sounds that she heard, began to compose, beginning the evolution of a style that one writer would later describe as “hyper-modern jazz…asymmetrical compositional structures that subvert jazz formula to wonderful effect, with unpredictable melodies that are often as catchy as they are obscure.”

“I was lucky,” Bley has said. “People started playing my music as soon as I began to write it. I don’t know why. It just happened.”

Read Nate Dorward’s review of a relatively recent Bley tribute.

Hear a different version of Carla Bley’s “King Korn” on the Night Lights program Away From the Spaceways: John Gilmore.

Music Heard On This Episode

Rhymes
George Russell — Kansas City
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Rhymes
George Russell — Kansas City
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Jesus Maria
Jimmy Giuffre — 1961

Notes: Originally on the album FUSION.

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Dance Class
George Russell — At the Five Spot
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Ida Lupino
Paul Bley — Closer
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And Now the Queen
Paul Bley — Barrage
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The Opening
Gary Burton — Genuine Tong Funeral

Notes: Midpoint music bed.

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King Korn
Paul Bley — Turning Point
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The Ending to the First Side
Charlie Haden — Liberation Music Orchestra
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Vashkar
Tony Williams Lifetime — Emergency!
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Silent Spring
Gary Burton — Genuine Tong Funeral
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Closer
Paul Bley — Closer
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David Brent Johnson

Born in Indianapolis, Indiana, David Brent Johnson moved to Bloomington in 1991. He is an alumnus of Indiana University, and began working with WFIU in 2002. Currently, David serves as jazz producer and systems coordinator at the station. His interests include literature, history, music, writing, and movies.

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