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Night Lights Classic Jazz

Reminiscing In Tempo: Remembrance In Jazz And Popular Song

A convergence of grief, memory and music for Memorial Day.

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Duke Ellington

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After his mother passed away in 1935, Duke Ellington retreated into a deep depression, eventually emerging with his extended composition "Reminiscing in Tempo."

Over the years a number of lovely and haunting songs and themes have been composed or performed in ways that mourn or remember loved ones who’ve been lost. In honor of the coming Memorial Day holiday, Night Lights features remembrance music this week from jazz and popular song artists such as Anita O’Day, Charlie Haden, Nina Simone, Tommy Dorsey and Frank Sinatra, Marian McPartland and more. The centerpiece of the program comes from one of America’s most renowned composers.

Duke Ellington: A Landmark Loss, A Landmark Recording

In May of 1935 Duke Ellington’s mother passed away at the age of 56, precipitating one of the worst crises of her son’s adult life. Some time later, while riding with the band on a train through the South, he began to write what would emerge as a musical memorial—“Reminisicing in Tempo,” describing it as

a detailed account of my aloneness after losing my mother… Every page of that manuscript was dotted with smears and unshapely marks caused by tears that had fallen. I would sit and gaze into space, pat my foot, and say to myself: ‘Now, Edward, you know she would not want you to disintegrate, to collapse into the past, into your loss, into lengthy negation or destruction. She did not spend the first part of your life preparing you for this negative attitude.

Ellington scholar Eddie Lambert writes:

The design of the piece is based on constant variation and development of the main material and of supplementary motifs … Emotionally, the music gradually clouds over, sinking deeper into darkness and despair, and then works through to a final section which allows a brighter, more optimistic conclusion … Ellington’s use of the band is tightly controlled and the soloists are used solely for contrasts of color, texture, and phrasing… It is impossible to find in all of Ellington’s vast output a work where he more consciously uses the orchestra as a medium of his own personal expression.

“Reminiscing in Tempo” was a signal moment for Ellington and pointed the way towards future long-form works that would further his legacy as a major American composer; out of his grief came creative life.

Music Heard On This Episode

You Are There
Irene Kral — The Gentle Rain (Choice, 2005)
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You Are There
Irene Kral — The Gentle Rain (Choice, 2005)
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I'll Never Smile Again
Tommy Dorsey/Frank Sinatra — Sentimental Gentleman of Swing (RCA, 2005)
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St. James Infirmary
Lou Rawls — Lou Rawls Live (Blue Note, 2005)
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My Man's Gone Now
Nina Simone — Very Best of Nina Simone, 1967-72: Sugar In My Bowl (RCA, 1998)
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Danny Boy
Ben Webster — King of the Tenors (Verve, 1993)
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When the Saints Go Marching In
Marian McPartland — Just Friends (Concord, 1998)
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Tears
Django Reinhardt — Classic Early Recordings (JSP, 2000)
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The Left Hand of God
Quartet West — Now Is the Hour (Polygram, 1996)
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Haunted Heart
Jo Stafford — Walkin' My Baby Back Home (GVC, 2006)
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Reminiscing in Tempo
Duke Ellington — Complete 1932-1940 Brunswick, Columbia and Master Recordings (Mosaic Records, 2010)
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Memories of You
Anita O'Day — Compact Jazz (Polygram, 1993)
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I'll Be Seeing You
Billie Holiday — Commodore Master Takes (Polygram, 2000)
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David Brent Johnson

Born in Indianapolis, Indiana, David Brent Johnson moved to Bloomington in 1991. He is an alumnus of Indiana University, and began working with WFIU in 2002. Currently, David serves as jazz producer and systems coordinator at the station. His interests include literature, history, music, writing, and movies.

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  • Efreet

    i first heard this piece on a PBS documentary and since that time have been in deep respect for it.

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