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Lee Konitz: the Verve Years

Alto saxophonist Lee Konitz is a longtime master of melodic improvisation who's played a part in some of jazz's most momentous acts.

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Lee Konitz Very Cool

Photo: Album cover art

Lee Konitz's 1958 Verve LP, VERY COOL.

Alto saxophonist Lee Konitz is a longtime master of melodic improvisation who’s played a part in some of jazz’s most momentous acts–the Claude Thornhill big band and the Miles Davis Birth of the Cool nonet in the late 1940s, and the Lennie Tristano groups of the 1950s and early 1960s.

After working in Stan Kenton’s orchestra and making some albums for Atlantic, Konitz recorded a series of LPs as a leader in the late 1950s for the Verve label that received a lukewarm critical reception at the time and that are now generally unavailable. His Verve dates showcase him in a variety of settings, ranging from trio/quartet/quintet to small-big-band and strings, finding him in the company of musicians such as pianist Bill Evans, drummer Elvin Jones, and fellow Tristanoite Warne Marsh, as well as arrangers Bill Russo and Jimmy Giuffre. Heard today, they form a compelling body of work that marks a kind of last chapter in Konitz’s early period, culminating in one of his most dynamic recordings, Motion.

We’ll hear music from Motion, as well as the Giuffre collaborations You and Lee and Lee Konitz Meets Jimmy Giuffre, the small-group sides Tranquility and Very Cool, a with-strings Russo arrangement, and a live Konitz-Marsh performance with Bill Evans sitting in for Lennie Tristano on piano. Much of what Konitz recorded during these years has yet to be released; you can view a comprehensive online discography which lists many of the unissued sessions from the saxophonist’s stay on Verve .

Konitz is also the subject of a recent book, Lee Konitz: Conversations on the Improviser’s Art, which offers many fascinating insights from musicians, jazz writers, and Konitz himself on the hows, whys, and what’s-it-all-abouts of his artistic career. (According to Konitz, jazz impresario and Verve owner Norman Granz “was not a fan of mine, but he encouraged me, and even made me a weekly advance… maybe [he] was advised that I was trying, and took a chance, though his personal taste was for the older music. I always appreciated that.”)

Watch Konitz performing “Subconscious-lee” with Warne Marsh on the TV show The Subject Is Jazz in 1958:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bSr7TuPXRrM

Music Heard On This Episode

Everything I've Got Belongs to You
Lee Konitz — You and Lee (Verve, 1959)
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Everything I've Got Belongs to You
Lee Konitz — You and Lee (Verve, 1959)

Notes: Arrangement by Jimmy Giuffre.

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Stephanie
Lee Konitz — Tranquility (Verve, 1958)

Notes: Konitz composition, with Billy Bauer on guitar.

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Kary's Trance
Lee Konitz — Very Cool (Verve, 1958)

Notes: Konitz composition.

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What's New
Lee Konitz — Lee Konitz With Strings: An Image (Verve, 1958)

Notes: Bill Russo arrangement.

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Palo Alto
Lee Konitz — Lee Konitz Meets Jimmy Giuffre (Verve, 1959)

Notes: With Warne Marsh on tenor sax, Bill Evans on piano.

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The Song Is You
Lee Konitz — Lee Konitz Meets Jimmy Giuffre (Verve, 1959)

Notes: With Warne Marsh on tenor sax, Bill Evans on piano.

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I Remember You (excerpt)
Lee Konitz — Motion (Verve, 1961)

Notes: Midpoint music bed.

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Subconscious-Lee
Lee Konitz/Warne Marsh — Live at the Half Note (Verve, 1959)

Notes: With Bill Evans on piano, Jimmy Garrison on bass, Paul Motian on drums.

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You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To
Lee Konitz — Motion (Verve, 1961)

Notes: With Elvin Jones on drums.

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Sunday
Lee Konitz — Tranquility (Verve, 1958)

Notes: With Billy Bauer on guitar.

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David Brent Johnson

Born in Indianapolis, Indiana, David Brent Johnson moved to Bloomington in 1991. He is an alumnus of Indiana University, and began working with WFIU in 2002. Currently, David serves as jazz producer and systems coordinator at the station. His interests include literature, history, music, writing, and movies.

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