The economic, social, and racial lines drawn in Indiana Harbor held firm for many decades after Inland Steel constructed its first mill on Lake Michigan.
When Hartke left Evansville for the U.S. Senate in 1958, he was the first Democrat to represent Indiana in the Senate for two decades.
Even before the founding of the NAACP, an Indianapolis institution came to serve as a crucible for integration.
Although race relations on most college campuses in the 1960s were volatile, the Bloomington campus of Indiana University was relatively progressive in attempting to establish civil rights for all of its students. Despite the state’s Southern ties, and the sometime pervasiveness of the Ku Klux Klan throughout Indiana government, Bloomington provided a less hostile environment for blacks than other places in the state.