Sara Creech has grown dependent on farming. She started out planting an orchard of fruit trees - apples, peaches, cherries and pears. She added berry bushes and rows of vegetables.
And then she bought her first chickens.
“A lot of people call chickens the gateway animal,” she said. “Like once you have a chicken on the farm, then you end up getting sheep on the farm, and then you end up getting horses, and cows, and then it just explodes from there.”
Creech served as a surgery nurse during the Iraq War. She has a master's degree and 16 years of experience. But she turned to farming when her career in nursing fell apart.
Like as many as one in five veterans from Gulf War II, Creech came home from war with PTSD that she said made returning to nursing impossible. Her depression and anxiety became so severe she felt like she was dangerous to her patients.
“I couldn't work,” she said. “I couldn't do my job. It was devastating.”
Veterans returning home from Iraq and Afghanistan often have a hard time transitioning back to their civilian lives and careers. They have higher rates of divorce, depression and suicide. And they're more likely to be unemployed than both civilians and veterans of other wars.
In recent years, thousands of veterans like Creech have showed an interest in farming as a way to find peace and purpose, and several nonprofit organizations and universities have launched programs to help them pursue careers in agriculture.
Now, Congress has gotten on board, giving veterans a dose of financial support. The 2014 Farm Bill designated veterans, for the first time, as a distinct class of beginning farmers within the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The status grants veterans access to low-interest rate loans to buy animals and equipment, allows them to apply for grants to build onto their farm, and can help them receive extra payments to implement conservation practices on their land.
“More than anything, it's just an acknowledgement,” said Michael O'Gorman, founder of the Farmer Veteran Coalition, a nonprofit organization that links up veterans with farming jobs and apprenticeships.
When you look at the population growth, we're naturally going to need more and more producers to keep pace with the growing demand. The veterans cadre looks very promising for us.
O'Gorman, who started the coalition with a handful of interested veterans' families in 2009, said excitement alone about the legislation has impacted his organization, doubling its membership to 4,000 veterans in the past year.
A Leg Up
Veterans still face all of the obstacles of other beginners: farming is expensive, the hours are long, success can be at the mercy of the weather, and profit margins can be discouragingly low. Operators of small farms often face financial problems that require off-farm jobs to keep the business afloat.
But the Farm Bill gives veterans an extra advantage over these obstacles. It not only provides them with access to all of the beginning farmer program's resources, in some cases it requires the USDA to give veterans' applications priority preference - ahead of non-veterans and minority farmers.
O'Gorman said it's payment for the time veterans took away from their own goals to serve.
“The veterans don't want a hand out,” he said. “But it would be nice to go to the front of a few lines because even if one did come home unharmed, many of them didn't, but they still took years out of the normal development of a career.”
While other jobs might require a full resume, the USDA is eager to attract inexperienced farmers to the field.
Growing Demand For Younger Growers
The average age of the American farmers is 58 years old, according to the 2012 Census of Agriculture. Those over 55 control more than half of the country's farmland, and one in two are likely to retire in the next decade. Since 1987, there's been a decline in the number of new farmers joining the ranks, with only 17 percent at the beginning of their farming careers - with less than a decade of experience.
“When you look at the population growth, we're naturally going to need more and more producers to keep pace with the growing demand,” said Karis Gutter, the USDA's first military veterans agriculture liaison. “The veterans cadre looks very promising for us.”
About two and a half million veterans have returned home from Iraq and Afghanistan, nearly half of them to rural counties. Despite that, only two percent of rural Gulf War I and II veterans currently work in agriculture.
But a USDA report from 2013 suggests that rural veterans could be a wise investment, having more education and technical training than their non-veteran peers and bringing unique skills from their military experience.
“It's an absolute natural fit,” Gutter said. “Many of the men and women who have served come from rural backgrounds and get training to work with their hands and have a natural instinct for entrepreneurship.”
A New Kind Of Service
Sara Creech is proof of that sentiment. Three years ago she quit her job as a nurse and used her savings account and support from her family to buy a foreclosed farm house sitting on 43-acres of land in rural Indiana.
I am getting out of bed every day. And I am doing my chores every day. And I am taking care of animals every day... I don't know where my life is going to take me, but I feel like I'm on the right path.
This year, Creech received $21,000 from the USDA because of her veteran status. She's using the money to improve the quality of her soil and build a hoop house, which will extend her growing season and should increase profits.
Creech is also getting support at the state level. Some Midwest states are giving veterans an edge up on the competition, launching marketing campaigns that supply veterans with a patriotic logo, “Homegrown by Heroes,” to help advertise their products.
Creech flies a “Homegrown by Heroes” sign at her farmer's market table to attract customers.
“The community loves food, and they love veterans, at least in our area,” she said. “But they don't know how to support us. They don't know what we need.”
She said being able to designate her business as veteran-owned gives people a tangible way to pay her back for her service.
Money, though, is not her priority. In many ways, she said the work pays for itself.
“I am getting out of bed every day. And I am doing my chores every day. And I am taking care of animals every day. People are relying on me,” she said. “I don't know where my life is going to take me, but I feel like I'm on the right path.”
She's helping other vets find their path, too, hosting veterans groups at Blue Yonder for week long workshops to give them a taste of life on the farm.