Harmonia Early Music

Harmonia Time Capsule: 1719

Let’s take a quick look back in time to 1719…to the birth of the quintessential stage “father” and a classic work of English literature.

View of Robinson Crusoe Island

Photo: Serpentus (wikipedia)

View of Robinson Crusoe Island - coast and mountains, in the Archipielago Juan Fernandez, Chile.

One of the classic pieces of 18th-century English fictional literature came out during the year 1719. Daniel Defoe’s “Robinson Crusoe” was first published in April. Although the book is known simply by the name of the title character, the complete original title is not only a mouthful but a terrific summation of what goes on in Defoe’s tale: “The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner: Who lived Eight and Twenty Years, all alone in an un-inhabited Island on the Coast of America, near the Mouth of the Great River of Oroonoque; Having been cast on Shore by Shipwreck, wherein all the Men perished but himself. With An Account how he was at last as strangely deliver’d by Pyrates.”

The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe
Daniel Defoe
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album cover

In other news, the father of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart—Leopold Mozart—was born November 14, 1719 in Augsburg. Leopold is remembered primarily for two things: (1) as the 18th Century’s most energetic stage father, who went to great lengths in order to promote and protect his son, and (2) he was the author of a highly-influential instruction book for the violin known as the Violinschule, or “Violin School.”  Leopold Mozart is also recognized as the composer of the Toy Symphony, or Cassation in G major for toys, 2 oboes, 2 horns, strings, and basso continuo, a work long thought to be by Joseph Haydn. Ironically, scholars aren’t 100% it was by Mozart either.

A Treatise on the Fundamental Principles of Violin Playing
Leopold Mozart
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album cover

Leopold Mozart: Toy Symphony
Toronto Chamber Orchestra
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album cover

Music heard in this time capsule:

Tr. 5: Sonata In G, K 379/373A, I.Allegro
Petra Müllejans, violin, and Kristian Bezuidenhout, fortepiano — W.A. Mozart: Violin Sonatas (harmonia mundi, 2009)
Buy from Amazon »
album cover

The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe
Daniel Defoe
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
A Treatise on the Fundamental Principles of Violin Playing
Leopold Mozart
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Leopold Mozart: Toy Symphony
Toronto Chamber Orchestra
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Tr. 5: Sonata In G, K 379/373A, I.Allegro
Petra Müllejans, violin, and Kristian Bezuidenhout, fortepiano — W.A. Mozart: Violin Sonatas (harmonia mundi, 2009)
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Harmonia Early Music

Harmonia Early Music is a nationally syndicated weekly early music radio program, podcast and blog produced by WFIU Public Radio.

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