Harmonia Early Music

Harmonia Time Capsule: 1645

Let’s take a quick look back in time to the year 1645: pirate William Kidd was born, composer Tobias Hume died, and the first hospital was founded in Montreal.

captain kidd

Photo: DIREKTOR, (wikepedia)

Captain Kidd in New York Harbor, a painting by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris.

A nurse named Jeanne Mance founded North America’s first hospital on the Island of Montreal. Construction of the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal began in 1688 for the newly established colony Ville-Marie. For two centuries, the establishment stood as the only French-language hospital in Montreal. Moved from its original location in Old Montreal to a site near Mount Royal, today’s hospital boasts a history of unprecedented medical work, including the world’s first kidney removal, the first femur transplant, and the first removal of a tongue and jaw.

Caring for a Colony: The Story of Jeanne Mance
Joanna Emery
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In Scotland, a notorious pirate was born in 1645.  As a young man, William Kidd set sail from Dundee to a better life in America. After meeting his fortune in marriage to one of the wealthiest widows in New York, Kidd traveled back to England and took on work as a privateer. He was hired to travel to the West Indies, intercept French vessels, and seize French loot. During an expedition Kidd began an attack on an Armenian ship. The incident led him to be charged with murder and piracy on the high seas. Kidd was found guilty and hanged at London’s Execution Dock.

The Pirate Hunter: The True Story of Captain Kidd
Richard Zacks
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William Walker, ed. (Southern Harmony, 1835): Tr. 4 – Captain Kidd (2’21”)
Hesperus — Early American Roots (Maggie’s Music , 1997)
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The year 1645 saw the deaths of jurist Hugo Grotius and writer Francisco de Quevedo.

Grotius had lasting influence over international law through writings such as De Indis, or, “On the Indies,” and De Jure Praedae, or, “On the Right of Capture.” He argued extensively for the relevance of natural principles of justice. He also made contributions to theology, forwarding ecclesiastical reforms introduced by Jacob Armenius. Grotius drowned while serving as Sweden’s ambassador to France. On his last voyage, he was shipwrecked.  His body was discovered washed up on the shore of Rostock on August 28, 1645.

Hugo Grotius On the Law of War and Peace
Stephen C. Neff
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Born in Madrid, Francisco de Quevedo was orphaned at the age of six. He attended university at Alcalá de Henares, developing an interest in philosophy, theology, and languages. In 1601, Quevedo moved with the Spanish court to Valladolid. There, he cultivated his talent for poetry.  His sizeable output of poems on political, amorous, and satirical subjects earned him both praise and notoriety. The writer also gained the favor of Pedro Téllez-Girón, 3rd Duke of Osuna, and is believed to have been sent by the duke on espionage missions to France and Italy. In 1643, Quevedo resigned from the royal court. He succumbed to ill health at the Dominican convent of Villanueva de los Infantes two years later.

Selected Poetry of Francisco de Quevedo: A Bilingual Edition
Christopher Johnson, transl.
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Another figure who died in 1645 was the Scottish composer Tobias Hume. Hume made his living as a professional soldier. In his leisure, he played the viola da gamba and composed numerous works for the instrument. These musical compositions were gathered into two collections: The First Part of Ayres, published in 1605, and Captain Humes Poeticall Musicke, published in 1607.  Hume helped promote the popularity of the gamba at a time when the lute was still preferred by amateur and professional musicians.

Tobias Hume: Musicall Humors, London 1605
Jordi Savall
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Captain Tobias Hume: The Passion of Musick
Nima Ben David / Damien Guillon / Bruno Boterf
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Music heard in this time capsule:

Tobias Hume : Tr. 9 – A question (excerpt)
Ralph Rousseau Meulenbroeks — Scottish composer Tobias Hume (Magnatune , 2007)
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Tobias Hume : Tr. 9 – A question (excerpt)
Ralph Rousseau Meulenbroeks — Scottish composer Tobias Hume (Magnatune , 2007)
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Caring for a Colony: The Story of Jeanne Mance
Joanna Emery
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
The Pirate Hunter: The True Story of Captain Kidd
Richard Zacks
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
William Walker, ed. (Southern Harmony, 1835): Tr. 4 – Captain Kidd (2’21”)
Hesperus — Early American Roots (Maggie’s Music , 1997)
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Hugo Grotius On the Law of War and Peace
Stephen C. Neff
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Selected Poetry of Francisco de Quevedo: A Bilingual Edition
Christopher Johnson, transl.
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Tobias Hume: Musicall Humors, London 1605
Jordi Savall
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Captain Tobias Hume: The Passion of Musick
Nima Ben David / Damien Guillon / Bruno Boterf
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Laura Osterlund

Laura Osterlund is a scriptwriter for Harmonia, recorder player, and student at McGill Univeristy in Montreal, Canada. In 2007, she moved from the suburbs of Chicago, Illinois to Montreal in pursuit of a B.Mus. with major concentrations in Early Music Performance and Music History. Laura is an active musician throughout Montreal and Chicago and an avid memberof the movement to promote Early Music performance, pedagogy, research, and appreciation throughout North America.

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