The English poet, composer, theorist and physician Thomas Campion did not earn his living as either a professional musician or a poet, but with his work as a doctor. His musical reputation mainly rests on his airs, for which he wrote both music and poems. After John Dowland , he was the most prolific of the English lute-song composers with well over 100 songs to his name. Today he is well known as a composer-poet, having received more critical attention from 20th-century commentators than most of his contemporaries, including Dowland. He was also an important exponent of the Stuart masque and a conspicuous theorist of both poetry and music.