Does an expecting mother's stress affects her baby's health?
It depends if the baby is a boy or a girl.
In this Australian study, scientists look specifically at the stress hormone cortisol. Cortisol releasedÂ into theÂ body in high doses during an asthma attack.
Over the course of 30 weeks, cortisol levels were measured in both healthy and asthmatic mothers-to-be. The severity of asthma and their respective medications were taken into account.
Forty-five minutes after birth, the studyÂ determined three things: sex, weight and cortisol levels found in the umbilical cord.
Girl infants born to asthmatic mothers showed much higher levels of cortisol. These baby girls were also significantly smaller than girls born to non-asthmatic mothers. The stress hormone tells the fetus that the mother's nutrition levels may drop, so the baby's bodyÂ adapts accordingly.
Baby boys, on the other hand, seem to ignore this hormonal signal completely. TheyÂ continued to grow at their normal rateÂ in both asthmatic and healthy mothers, despite cortisol levels. The researchers suspect that the advantages of being large must override the risk of malnutrition, but it has yet to be determined what those advantages are.
However, the researchers hope their findings will help safeguard the health of male babies born prematurely.
- Male Fetuses Ignore Their Stressed-Out Mothers (NewScientist)
- Maternal Asthma Is Associated with Reduced Female Fetal Growth (AmericanJournalRCCM)