You've seen them in science fiction movies and television shows. But, what really is a black hole?
Creating A Black Hole
They come from stars. A black hole is what you get when a really big star uses up all its fuel.
Gravity is always trying to push all the stuff that makes up a star into its center. But as long as the star has enough nuclear fuel in its core to keep burning, it pushes back. It's only when it runs out of fuel that everything gets crushed down into the middle of the star.
If the star is big enough, gravity just keeps squeezing and squeezing until everything that made up the star is compressed into a tiny point. And get this the gravitational attraction of that tiny point will be so strong anything that comes too close will be sucked in, never to return!
But Why Is It Black?
Because not even light can escape. Even a passing beam of light will be pulled right in.