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Studies Show Meals On Wheels Cuts Medicare, Medicaid Costs

A 2013 review of studies found the average cost of a one-month nursing home stay is the same as providing home-delivered meals five days a week for seven years.

Meals on Wheels

Photo: Meals on Wheels Mayor Hashmi Lamar County Human Resources Paris Texas

Meals on Wheels serves 218 millions meals a year to individual homes and senior centers, feeding 2.4 million Americans age 60 and older.

President Donald Trump announced his proposed budget last week, under which one food service program would face huge cuts in funding.

Meals on Wheels delivers 218 millions meals a year to individual homes and senior centers, feeding 2.4 million Americans age 60 and older. More than half of Meals on Wheels recipients are veterans, most live alone, take more than six medications a day, and rely on Meals on Wheels for at least half the food they eat.

While not a federal program, Meals on Wheels gets money from a mix of state, local and federal government funds. Meals on Wheels receives federal dollars through the Administration for Community Living, an agency of the Department of Health and Human Services that serves the elderly and disabled. The proposed federal budget cuts funding to the Department of Health and Human Services by 18 percent, or $15.1 billion.

Meals on Wheels federal funding also comes from Community Development Block Grants, given to states to pay for community development projects.

“Many states make the decision to use that money on Meals on Wheels,” Mick Mulvaney, the president’s budget chief, said in a press conference. Mulvaney also said since the second Bush administration, the block grants haven’t shown results.

But many experts beg to differ.

The program’s fact sheet says Meals on Wheels helps seniors stay at home, saving billions in Medicare and Medicaid costs every year. According to one 2013 review of studies, “The average cost of a one-month nursing home stay is equivalent to providing home-delivered meals five days a week for approximately seven years.”

The Centers for Disease Control says the federal government paid $31 billion in 2015 in Medicare expenses for falls related to improper nutrition in senior citizens. A 2010 partnership between Meals on Wheels and local health systems decreased hospital readmission rates by almost 15 percent, and a 2013 study by researchers at Brown University found that increasing Meals on Wheels enrollment would actually result in a net savings from decreased Medicaid costs for nursing home care.

The same group of Brown University researchers recently conducted a random controlled trial of three groups of senior citizens: one group on a food delivery waiting list, one group receiving weekly bulk frozen food deliveries, and one group receiving daily meal deliveries.

“What we found is that there were statistically significant differences in health benefits among the three groups,” lead researcher Kali Thomas said, “with the highest gains recognized among participants living alone who had face-to-face contact via daily deliveries.”

Meals on Wheels is also funded by grants and donations – which increased by 50 times in the days following the announcement of Trump’s proposed budget. Volunteer sign-ups also increased by 500 percent.

Read More:

  • Budget Cuts to Meals on Wheels Could Hurt Veterans, Raise Healthcare Costs (Bloomberg)
  • Meals on Wheels is ‘not showing any results’ only if you ignore all these results (Washington Post)
  • Here’s the truth about Meals on Wheels in Trump’s budget (USA Today)
Taylor Killough

Taylor Killough has degrees anthropology and journalism. She has worked with the oral history project StoryCorps. A nomad at heart, she recently returned to Louisville, Kentucky, where's she's excited to have her own kitchen and garden again.

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