Give Now  »

wfiu logo
WFIU Public Radio

wtiu logo
WTIU Public Television

Choose which station to support!

Indiana Public Media | WFIU - NPR | WTIU - PBS

News Contact IPM News Indiana Public Media News

{ "banners": { "tv" : [ {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=TIU1812B1&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=u12fFHbpcmcp9lAXLh8j061gzMC6uhq5nDjkJobrCdg%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/12-21-18-wtiu-banner.png", "startingDate" : "1545368400000", "endingDate" : "1545973140000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=TIUIU19BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=ck26B6w8G00XsX%2f3Qawrnb1YhDw50SikSh2nq0qouhg%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/images/banner-images/4-10-19-iu-day-web-banner1.png", "startingDate" : "1554868800000", "endingDate" : "1554955140000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0319BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=cBNNql0lnDas8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/3-2-19-john-denver-webbanner.jpg", "startingDate" : "1551502800000", "endingDate" : "1551502740000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0319BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=cBNNql0lnDas8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/3-3-19-victoria-webbanner.jpg", "startingDate" : "1551589200000", "endingDate" : "1551675540000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0319BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=cBNNql0lnDas8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/3-4-19-bob-hammel-webbanner.jpg", "startingDate" : "1551675600000", "endingDate" : "1551761940000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0319BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=cBNNql0lnDas8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/3-5-19-ken-burns-webbanner.jpg", "startingDate" : "1551762000000", "endingDate" : "1551848340000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0319BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=cBNNql0lnDas8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/3-6-19-goose-pond-webbanner.jpg", "startingDate" : "1551848400000", "endingDate" : "1551934740000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0319BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=cBNNql0lnDas8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/3-7-19-and-3-11-19-terre-haute-webbanner.jpg", "startingDate" : "1551934800000", "endingDate" : "1552021140000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0319BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=cBNNql0lnDas8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/3-8-19-andrea-bocelli-webbanner.jpg", "startingDate" : "1552021200000", "endingDate" : "1552107540000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0319BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=cBNNql0lnDas8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/3-9-19-leonard-cohen-webbanner.jpg", "startingDate" : "1552107600000", "endingDate" : "1552193940000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0319BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=cBNNql0lnDas8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/3-10-19-mr-rogers-webbanner.jpg", "startingDate" : "1552194000000", "endingDate" : "1552276740000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0319BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=cBNNql0lnDas8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/3-7-19-and-3-11-19-terre-haute-webbanner.jpg", "startingDate" : "1552276800000", "endingDate" : "1552363140000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0319BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=cBNNql0lnDas8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/3-12-19-neil-diamond-webbanner.jpg", "startingDate" : "1552363200000", "endingDate" : "1552449540000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0319BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=cBNNql0lnDas8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/3-13-19-koko-webbanner.jpg", "startingDate" : "1552449600000", "endingDate" : "1552535940000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0319BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=cBNNql0lnDas8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/3-14-19-music-makers-webbanner.jpg", "startingDate" : "1552536000000", "endingDate" : "1552622340000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0319BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=cBNNql0lnDas8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/3-15-19-to-3-17-19-celtic-woman-webbanner.jpg", "startingDate" : "1552622400000", "endingDate" : "1552881540000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0319BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=cBNNql0lnDas8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/3-18-19-wtiuthankyouwebbanner2.png", "startingDate" : "1552881600000", "endingDate" : "1552967940000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=TIU1812B2&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=u12fFHbpcmd3vFMjkfshMa1gzMC6uhq5nDjkJobrCdg%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/12-28-18-wtiu-banner.png", "startingDate" : "1545973200000", "endingDate" : "1546059540000"} , {"url" : " https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=TIU1812B3&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=u12fFHbpcmcFrEOHcSVeuK1gzMC6uhq5nDjkJobrCdg%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/12-29-18-wtiu-banner.png", "startingDate" : "1546059600000", "endingDate" : "1546232340000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=TIU1812B4&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=u12fFHbpcme39fvEx9O1OK1gzMC6uhq5nDjkJobrCdg%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/12-31-18-wtiu-banner.png", "startingDate" : "1546232400000", "endingDate" : "1546318740000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=TIU1812B5&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=u12fFHbpcmcNvkUQcEqs%2f61gzMC6uhq5nDjkJobrCdg%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/1-1-19-wtiu-new-years-day.png", "startingDate" : "1546318800000", "endingDate" : "1546405140000"} ], "radio" : [ {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=FIU1812B1&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=XyIs983vlbEp9lAXLh8j061gzMC6uhq5nDjkJobrCdg%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/december21webbanner.png", "startingDate" : "1545368400000", "endingDate" : "1545973140000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=W1904BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=RD3vDhbhYNis8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/images/banner-images/4-8-19-day-before-web-banner.png", "startingDate" : "1554696000000", "endingDate" : "1554782340000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0419BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=R3ru4OKcGyGs8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/images/banner-images/4-9-19-first-day-web-banner.png", "startingDate" : "1554782400000", "endingDate" : "1554868740000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0419BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=R3ru4OKcGyGs8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/images/banner-images/4-10-19-iu-day-web-banner.png", "startingDate" : "1554868800000", "endingDate" : "1554955140000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0419BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=R3ru4OKcGyGs8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/images/banner-images/4-11-19-pet-day-web-banner.png", "startingDate" : "1554955200000", "endingDate" : "1555041540000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0419BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=R3ru4OKcGyGs8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/images/banner-images/4-12-19-five-dollar-friday-web-banner.png", "startingDate" : "1555041600000", "endingDate" : "1555127940000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0419BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=R3ru4OKcGyGs8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/images/banner-images/4-13-19-weekend-web-banner.png", "startingDate" : "1555128000000", "endingDate" : "1555300740000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0419BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=R3ru4OKcGyGs8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/images/banner-images/4-15-19-last-day-v1-web-banner.png", "startingDate" : "1555300800000", "endingDate" : "1555387140000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=F0419BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=R3ru4OKcGyGs8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/images/banner-images/4-16-19-thankyouwebbanner.png", "startingDate" : "1555387200000", "endingDate" : "1555473540000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=FIU1812B2&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=XyIs983vlbF3vFMjkfshMa1gzMC6uhq5nDjkJobrCdg%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/12-28-18-wfiu-banner.png", "startingDate" : "1545973200000", "endingDate" : "1546059540000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=W1904BNR&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=RD3vDhbhYNis8u2OM%2bwh623L5BYddGq6PVAl6UEf65g%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/images/banner-images/4-2-19-pre-drive-web-banner.png", "startingDate" : "1554177600000", "endingDate" : "1554695940000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=FIU1812B3&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=XyIs983vlbEFrEOHcSVeuK1gzMC6uhq5nDjkJobrCdg%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/12-29-18-wfiu-banner.png", "startingDate" : "1546059600000", "endingDate" : "1546232340000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=FIU1812B4&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=XyIs983vlbG39fvEx9O1OK1gzMC6uhq5nDjkJobrCdg%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/12-31-18-wfiu-banner.png", "startingDate" : "1546232400000", "endingDate" : "1546318740000"} , {"url" : "https://support.indianapublicmedia.org/alleg/WebModule/Donate.aspx?P=FIU1812B4&PAGETYPE=PLG&CHECK=XyIs983vlbG39fvEx9O1OK1gzMC6uhq5nDjkJobrCdg%3d", "img" : "https://indianapublicmedia.org/banners/banner-images/1-1-19-wfiu-new-years-day.png", "startingDate" : "1546318800000", "endingDate" : "1546405140000"} ] }}

Civil War Diary: 'Our Soldiers Had To Kill 3 Or 4 Of Them Before Ther Would Give Up'

Civil war diary thumbnail 6

(Becca Costello, WFIU/WTIU News)

157 years ago, a Hoosier from Monroe County wrote about fighting for the Union in the Civil War in a diary he kept almost daily. Peter Thomas Matthews was 20 years old when he enlisted in the army and served as a drummer in the 19th Indiana Regimental Band. 

Follow along as we publish his diary entries in real-time on the day they were written. 

Read the first entry here. Learn more about Matthews and read all former and future entries here

Editor's note: We have left Matthews' words as he recorded them, which means spelling and punctuation may not conform to modern standards.

April 25, 1862

Cloudy and some rain went over to Gen Kings head quarters serenading this evening while there the 1st NJ cavalry brought in ten secesh Prisoners which they captured about 20 miles Down the river—ther had them in a mule team ther were rough looking fellows Our soldiers had to kill 3 or 4 of them before ther would give up—coming back we got “stuck” in the mud.  We had orders to march this morning but previously countermanded this morning

Check back for the next entry on April 26. 

Diary entries provided by the Monroe County History Center.

Want to contact your legislators about an issue that matters to you? Find out how to contact your senators and member of Congress here.

Support For Indiana Public Media Comes From

Find Us on Facebook

Recent Education Stories