K-12 and higher education combine to make up 63 percent of the proposed $31.5 billion two-year appropriations. Appropriations chair Sen. Luke Kenley, R-Noblesville, says his committee wants to increase K-12 funding by $466 million over the biennium.
As you’ll remember, Indiana’s school funding formula relies heavily on two measurements: foundation (base funds per student) and complexity (money set aside for at-risk students).
Like the House GOP, Senate Republicans want to see foundation increase:
FY 2016: $4,943 per student
FY 2017: $5,052 per student
What looks a bit different is the calculation for complexity money, based on shifting the definition of “at-risk.”
That number used to be calculated based on how many students received free textbooks, followed by students receiving free or reduced-price lunch. The House proposed changing the definition to include only students receiving free lunch.
The Senate wants to base the calculation on what’s known as “direct certification.” In other words, if a child’s family qualify for one of three federal low-income services – foster care, the Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (food stamps) or Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) – the federal government will automatically notify the state Department of Education that he or she qualifies for complexity money.
“That’s a pretty big change,” Kenley says. “This is somewhat of a balancing act.”
Kenley says this approach takes schools out of the mix, putting the responsibility for determining eligibility and legitimacy on the state. He adds that it is “a little less aggressive” than what the House proposed.
“It’s fairly close in the total dollar amount, it just changes the way we distribute it a little bit,” says Sen. Ryan Mishler, R-Bremen, who helped author the Senate’s budget.
Another controversial point of funding is state testing. Just a few weeks ago, the IDOE and State Board of Education each put forth their own proposals for the slate of assessments they want to see administered throughout the state over the next two years.
Kenley has been an advocate of ditching the ISTEP+ for a nationally-crafted assessment, a critical point in his Senate Bill 566. Opponents point out that ISTEP+ is a necessary “summative” test, and the exam Kenley is looking for only fulfills “formative” requirements.
That’s why the senator says his committee continues ISTEP+ in its budget: to meet requirements necessary to hold onto the state’s waiver from elements of the federal No Child Left Behind Act by giving an exam to test state-specific standards.
The Senate proposal also sets aside $12 million per year for “local option testing.” Kenley says this gives schools a little more freedom and independence to perhaps administer other tests like NWEA.
“We think this is in some sense a compromise,” Kenley says. “We think there’s a place for both in here.”
Other important points in the Senate budget proposal:
- Career & Technical Education (CTE) grant program: $42.6 million in school/private industry partnership grants, as well as expanding adult education opportunities through statewide Excel programs, operated by the Goodwill Industries of Central Indiana.
- Increasing teacher pay: Allow schools to give higher pay to teachers with Master’s Degrees.
- Higher education: Asks state colleges and universities not to increase tuition over the next two years. Provides a one-time $25 million grant for repair and maintenance at all regional campuses, to help give what Kenley calls “a little better presentation.”
You can view how much money each school district will receive under the Senate’s budget here.