Education, From The Capitol To The Classroom

Should Teachers With Master's Degrees Automatically Earn More?

    Kyle Stokes / StateImpact Indiana

    Evansville chemistry teacher Brian Bennett assists a student in class.

    Here’s an interesting look at the common practice of awarding an automatic pay increase to teachers who earn advanced degrees. From The Center for American Progress:

    Although teachers with master’s degrees generally earn additional salary or stipends — the so-called “master’s bump” — they are no more effective, on average, than their counterparts without master’s degrees. The more nuanced evidence suggests that master’s degrees in math and science do confer an instructional advantage on teachers of those subjects, yet approximately 90 percent of the master’s degrees held by teachers come from education programs that tend to be unrelated to or unconcerned with instructional efficacy.

    Nationally, school districts paid out about $8.6 billion in so-called “master’s bump” compensation during the 2003-04 school year. By 2007-08, the last year data was available, that amount had increased 72 percent, to $14.8 billion.

    In Indiana, where about 63 percent of teachers have master’s degrees, spending that year on compensation tied to advanced degrees amounted to $164 million. The salary boost for getting a master’s degree varies, but the statewide average was $3,830. (State-level data came from a staff survey published by the National Center for Education Statistics.)

    The authors of the brief, Raegen Miller and Marguerite Roza, say that as school districts across the country tighten their belts, the merits of linking compensation to educational degree attainment should be discussed but almost never are.

    “In an era of especially scarce resources, it is certainly a discussion worth having,” they write.

    But teachers have been resistent to the idea in the past, writes Stephen Sawchuck for Education Week, which is ” … an understandable phenomenon given that, while some districts offer tuition reimbursements, many other educators have had to foot the cost of earning the degree on their own.”

    Sawchuck points out the time period in question predates the recession, when more schools were still hiring. Costs may have fallen in the intervening years due to layoffs and salary freezes, he adds.



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