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Night Lights Classic Jazz

The Juneteenth Jazz Jamboree

Night Lights offers a jazz tribute to Juneteenth, the African-American holiday marking the end of slavery, with commentary from historian William Wiggins.

  • Count Basie Paul Robeson Richard Wright

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    Three heralds of African-American culture: novelist Richard Wright, singer Paul Robeson, and bandleader Count Basie all collaborated on a 1941 ode to boxer Joe Louis, "King Joe".

  • Juneteenth

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    Juneteenth, which began as a celebration of the emancipation of slaves in America, has become a holiday that honors the heritage and culture of black Americans.

  • Reading of Emancipation Proclamation

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    Photo: Wikimedia

    A statue in Galveston, Texas commemorating the reading of the Emancipation Proclamation in that city on June 19, 1865.

A Brief History Of Juneteenth

Juneteenth is one of America’s oldest African-American holidays. On June 19, 1865, Union Major General Gordon Granger landed at Galveston, Texas with his troops and declared that slavery in the state was now ended. Texas was the last state to receive this news, and for many years Juneteenth was primarily a regional holiday.

Gradually, Juneteenth spread to other parts of the country. In recent times the day has gained momentum as a broad celebration of African-American culture and freedom, continuing to invoke the long tradition of food, games, and remembrance of ancestors. Barbecue, baseball, music and prayer are often important elements of the holiday, not to mention red soda water.

The Show

The Juneteenth Jazz Jamboree features music that celebrates emancipation and African-American heroes, including musicians such as

  • Duke Ellington
  • Max Roach
  • Carmen McRae
  • James Newton
  • and Charles Lloyd (performing the so-called ‘Negro national anthem,’ “Lift Every Voice and Sing”).

We’ll also hear an ode to boxing icon Joe Louis that brought together three major African-American artists of the 20th century: novelist Richard Wright, singer/actor Paul Robeson, and bandleader Count Basie.

Emancipation-celebration expert William Wiggins provides commentary and background on the holiday as well.

More Juneteenth:

Night Lights program outtake

During slavery, there were laws in many areas that prohibited or limited the dressing of the enslaved, and during the initial days of the emancipation celebrations there are accounts of former slaves tossing their ragged garments into the creeks and rivers and putting on clothes taken from their ex-masters’ plantations.

Music Heard On This Episode

Haitian Fight Song
Charles Mingus — Charles Mingus Quintet With Max Roach (Fantasy, 1991)
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Haitian Fight Song
Charles Mingus — Charles Mingus Quintet With Max Roach (Fantasy, 1991)
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The Eagle and Me
Carmen McRae — American Songbook Series: E.Y. Harburg (Smithsonian, 1994)
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Song of the Underground Railroad
John Coltrane — Complete Africa/Brass Sessions (Impulse/GRP, 1995)
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Emancipation Celebration
Duke Ellington — Treasury Shows V. 8 (Storyville, 2003)
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Freedom Day
Max Roach/Abbey Lincoln — We Insist! Freedom Now Suite (Candid, 1988)
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The Freedom Suite
Sonny Rollins — The Freedom Suite (Riverside, 2008)

Notes: Midpoint music bed.

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Juneteenth Jamboree
Louis Jordan — Louis Jordan and His Tympani Five (JSP, 2001)

Notes: Mistitled by Decca as "The June Tenth Jamboree."

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Did You See Jackie Robinson Hit That Ball?
Buddy Johnson — Walk 'Em (Ace, 2004)
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King Joe
Count Basie/Paul Robeson — 1941 (Classics, 1992)
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James Newton — I've Known Rivers (Gramavision, 1982)
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Lift Every Voice and Sing
Charles Lloyd — Lift Every Voice (ECM, 2002)
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