Lawmakers have developed what they hope is a solution to growing concerns over property tax bills for big box stores like Walmart, Meijer and Walgreens. Groups on both sides of the issue say they won’t know the effect of that solution until after the General Assembly’s session ends.
Counties across Indiana are losing money as property tax assessments shrink for big box stores. Property taxes for these national chains went down after a number of court rulings said they could determine their tax bill by comparing an individual store to any other store in a general retail market.
Critics have argued this is an apples-to-oranges comparison. A new House bill seeks to change that broad comparison by using what’s called market segmentation, which some say could push assessors to consider a number of factors.
“Who are the likely users, similar property, what is the traffic on the road outside of it, what is the income of the population surrounding a store?” says Indiana Association of Counties lobbyist Ryan Hoff.
But there’s no strict definition for what market segmentation means and the bill doesn’t specify which factors should be weighed. It leaves that job to Indiana’s Department of Local Government Finance, or DLGF. Indiana Chamber of Commerce Vice President Bill Waltz says, if the bill is passed, it will be a long process.
“Frankly, I’m not sure anybody knows exactly what it means but we’re willing to see how it works out,” Waltz says, adding that most of the important details will be determined first by the DLGF, and then the tax courts.
A Senate committee approved its version of big box assessment legislation Tuesday. A House committee will consider its own bill later this week.
Experts discussed the complications of this issue in September on NoonEdition.