Corn yields are expected to hit a record high this year both in Indiana and nationwide, according to the U.S Department of Agriculture’s November crop report.
Indiana is expected to produce more than 1 billion bushels of corn this year. That beats the 2009 record of around 933.7 million bushels.
U.S. corn yields are expected to be at around 14 billion bushels, up from the previous record of 13 billion set in 2007.
Purdue University agriculture economist Chris Hurt says consumers will likely benefit because higher yields mean lower prices.
“And eventually what that means is that’s food consumers and some fuel consumers, that’s most of us, will get benefits in moderating the level of food inflation,” he says.
Hurt says increases in food prices have outpaced general inflation in the past few years, and that will likely reverse later this year and in 2014.
But farmers won’t see higher profits.
Last year’s drought devastated yields. That pushed up corn prices and triggered large crop insurance payouts. And even though farmers will be selling much more this year, they’ll be selling it at about half the price they did in 2012.
Soybean yields are also expected to be high but not hit records. The USDA predicts soybean farmers will produce an estimated 2.6 million bushels or 50 bushels per acre. That would tie per-acre yields from 2006 and fall just short of the record 51.5 bushels per acre in 2004.