Since the 1830s about 99 percent of American tall grass prairies have been destroyed.
Plant lots of nasturtiums, coneflowers, and sunflowers to provide seeds for these year-round garden residents.
George Eliot wrote, “Delicious autumn! …And if I were a bird, I would fly about the earth seeking the successive autumns.”
Callicarpa americana makes a good hedge on the outskirts of a garden, as well as excellent ornamental focal points in borders.
Some speedwells are low growing but most are upright with flower spires of blues, violets, pinks and whites.
Deep-rooted native plants can absorb many inches of rain per day, dramatically reducing run-off into streets.
Here are some anonymous rhymes celebrating and beckoning vernal season.
Pyracantha is a shrub with evergreen glossy foliage and broad spreading growth. One disadvantage is its thorns, thus the common name of firethorn.
Our native sumacs have vibrant, colorful foliage in autumn, and yet they are often overlooked as shrubs for residential gardens.
Our native Aronia arbutifolia with the common name of red chokeberry is a shrub that offers four seasons of interest in our gardens.