With both houses of Congress and the White House in Republican hands, it is unclear how lawmakers plan to shape a new bill.
The bill also would have extended eligibility for the WIC program to age 6, bridging a gap that left many low-income families without enough food.
The bill outlaws states’ efforts to labels foods made with genetically-modified organisms and instead gives companies more leeway in disclosing GMOs.
Consumers may view GMO disclosure labels much like surgeon general’s warnings on cigarette packages, despite a recent study showing GMO crops are safe to eat.
The U.S. Senate on Wednesday voted down federal legislation that would make state GMO label laws invalid.
The farm bill moved to conference Thursday evening with hopes that nutritional assistance would make its way into the final product.