In most species of social insects, such as wasps, bees, and ants, the females rule. The females are the workers.
Millions of monarch butterflies fly southwest from eastern Canada and the United States down to Mexico each autumn; then millions more fly back to the northeast in the spring.The one-way trip is as long as 2500 miles for some of these creatures.
A female wasp stings a spider in her own web, temporarily paralyzing her. Then the wasp lays an egg on the spider’s abdomen. The paralysis wears off, and the spider gets up and goes about her business as usual.