In the 1960s a beacon of West Coast jazz became a destination for hardbop and soul-jazz acts.
Slave spirituals were often improvisations upon older hymns that became entirely new songs, and in some ways they foreshadow the birth of American jazz.
More jazz with a Western theme, this time from Grant Green, Dexter Gordon, Ornette Coleman, and others.
Sonny Clark was a young pianist with an already-impressive jazz legacy when he began a year-long string of classic hardbop recordings that ended with his death.
Duke Pearson was a pianist, composer, and arranger who helped craft the sound of many of the Blue Note label's classic mid-1960s releases.
Green's turn-of-the-decade recordings filtered the new sounds of the late 1960s through jazz guitar.
Mary Lou Williams, the pianist, arranger, and composer whose career in jazz traced a line all the way from the Kansas City scene of the late 1920s through the swing era, bop, the 1950s jazz expatriate community, and an academic job at Duke in the late 1970s, also helped to pioneer sacred jazz in…