Night Lights Classic Jazz

Returning The Call: More From The Unsung Hardbop Heroes Of Chicago

City of big shoulders, city on the make, and city of a hip, subtle, and wryly street-smart hardbop sound--Chicago in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

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  • Chicago Skyline Night 1960s

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    Photo: Chuckman

    City of big shoulders, city on the make, and city of a hip, subtle, and wryly street-smart hardbop sound--Chicago in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

  • MJT + 3

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    Photo: Album cover art.

    Chicago hardbop group the MJT + 3's first album was promoted by area DJ Daddy-O Daylie and featured Muhal Richard Abrams, who would play an important role in the evolution of Chicago's 1960s avant-garde scene.

  • Blowing In From Chicago

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    Photo: Album cover art.

    Tenor saxophonists Clifford Jordan and John Gilmore teamed up in 1957 for this classic Blue Note hardbop date.

  • Blues Holiday

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    Photo: Album cover art.

    Trumpeter Paul Serrano would go on to become a noted producer of Chicago soul records.

  • Eddie Higgins

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    Photo: Album cover art.

    Eddie Higgins was the house pianist at Chicago's London House jazz club for many years. He turned down a chance to go on the road with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers.

  • John Young

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    Photo: Album cover art.

    Pianist John Young was a regular at Joe Segal's Jazz Showcase club, working with Dexter Gordon, Sarah Vaughan, and Ella Fitzgerald, and making a series of subtle, excellent albums for Chicaog’s Argo and Delmark labels.

Night Lights pays another visit to the 1950s and 60s era of Chicago hardbop this week with Returning The Call: More From The Unsung Hardbop Heroes Of Chicago, a show that features some of the artists mentioned below.

Pianist Muhal Richard Abrams would gain critical renown as a member of the groundbreaking 1960s Chicago avant-garde scene. Abrams worked frequently as a hardbop pianist in the 1950s; he was a part of one of the scene’s best hardbop groups, the MJT + 3. Led by drummer Walter Perkins, later incarnations of MJT + 3 would feature Memphis transplants like Harold Mabern and George Coleman, but the first version of the group included several of Chicago’s best around-the-town players, including saxophonist Nicky Hill, trumpeter Paul Serrano, and Muhal Richard Abrams, who also did a lot of writing for the group. (Read a previous Night Lights post on the so-called Memphis Mafia here.)

John Litweiler writes:

In the Fifties [Muhal Richard Abrams] maintained a busy, successful career as a bop composer-pianist, yet he grew progressively unfulfilled by bop’s confines. He began listening closely to Art Tatum’s solo piano recordings: “I found out from Art Tatum that I needed to adhere to my rhythmic feelings more, and then I would have less trouble keeping up with what wanted to come out.”

The Saxophonists

Tenor saxophonists Clifford Jordan and John Gilmore, like many other Chicago jazz musicians of note, were both taught as youths by the legendary Captain Walter Dyett at Chicago’s DuSable High School on the South Side. In 1957 they teamed up for Blowin’ In From Chicago, a Blue Note album that jazz critic Larry Kart calls “the Ground Zero” of late 1950s/early 1960s Chicago hardbop.

The Pianists

Pianists John Young and Eddie Higgins were two underrated but important presences on the Chicago jazz scene (though they weren’t at all underrated in their hometown!). They held down house pianist positions at two important Chicago venues, the London House and the Jazz Showcase.

Chicago jazz critic Howard Reich on John Young’s style:

An alluring mixture of several elements: He merged an earthy blues sensibility with a remarkably refined technique, and he brought the hot dance rhythms of the swing era into the newer idiom of bebop.

The Trumpeters

Like Eddie Higgins, saxophonist and trumpeter Ira Sullivan had departed Chicago by the 1970s for the warmer environs of Florida. He remains rooted in and proud of his Chicago jazz heritage. “Everyone always said, ‘You gotta go get your New York stamp,’ Sullivan said in 2007, looking back at his time in the city. “And I’d reply, ‘We lay in wait for cats from New York here.’”

Trumpeter Paul Serrano was a part of the first MJT + 3 group. He built an impressive resume as a sideman, working with Woody Herman, Billy Eckstine, blues and Latin bands, and even the Chicago Civic Symphony, but he hardly recorded at all as a leader, and he’d end up gaining more renown as a studio producer in the 1960s and 70s, helping to shape the sound of many Chicago soul, gospel, and blues records. In 1960 he made a record for Riverside that featured several Chicago stalwarts, including saxophonist Bunky Green.

For More On Chicago Hardbop…

Take a second tour around the Second City on Night Lights:

Learn more about Chicago’s unsung jazz heroes:

Music Heard On This Episode

Blues Holiday
Paul Serrano — Blues Holiday (Riverside, 1960)
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Blues Holiday
Paul Serrano — Blues Holiday (Riverside, 1960)
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Status Quo
John Gilmore/Clifford Jordan — Blowin' In From Chicago (Blue Note, 1957)
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Temporarily Out of Order
MJT + 3 — Daddy-O Presents (Argo, 1957)
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No Land's Man
MJT + 3 — Daddy-O Presents (Argo, 1957)
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Everything's Coming Up Roses
John Young — A Touch of Pepper (Argo, 1962)
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Search Me
John Young — A Touch of Pepper (Argo, 1962)
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The End
Julian Priester — Keep Swingin' (OJC, 1960)

Notes: Music midpoint bed.

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Wilbur's Tune
Ira Sullivan — Blue Stroll (Delmark, 1959)
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Dream of Igor
Paul Serrano — Blues Holiday (Riverside, 1960)
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Foot's Bag
Eddie Higgins — Eddie Higgins (Vee Jay/Collectables, 1960)

Notes: With Paul Serrano on trumpet.

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David Brent Johnson

Born in Indianapolis, Indiana, David Brent Johnson moved to Bloomington in 1991. He is an alumnus of Indiana University, and began working with WFIU in 2002. Currently, David serves as jazz producer and systems coordinator at the station. His interests include literature, history, music, writing, and movies.

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  • http://www.bradgoode.com Brad Goode

    Thanks for another excellent show David!!!

    These guys were my heroes and mentors. It was nice to see them get some airplay.

    Keep up the great work.

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