House Joint Resolution 3 is a proposal that would amend the state constitution to define marriage as between a man and a woman. Indiana already has a state statute that bans same-sex marriage, but including such a ban in the state’s constitution could make it harder to overturn in the future.
The General Assembly first approved the measure in 2011. The legislature passed it again in 2014, but because the second sentence banning civil unions was removed, it will need to be passed again before it can be sent to the voters for approval.
The earliest it could be put on the ballot is 2016.
The debate over the proposal has heated up this year with the formation of Freedom Indiana, a bi-partisan, grassroots coalition aimed at defeating the amendment. The group argues the proposal could threaten existing same-sex benefits companies and universities offer their employees.
The Indiana-based conservative group Advance America has taken the lead supporting the amendment, arguing Hoosiers deserve the chance to vote on the issue.