Assuming a proposed pre-K pilot serves children in Indiana's most populous counties, it could cost the state around $25 million.
The proposal would require students who receive a pre-K voucher to take a kindergarten readiness assessment before entering school.
Gov. Mike Pence is taking a very different approach to shaping education policy than his predecessor.
The legislature failed to pass a measure last session that would have created a preschool pilot program.
Half of Indiana children younger than 9 years old are living in low-income households, and 70 percent of low-income 3- and 4-year-olds don't go to preschool.
Automatic federal spending cuts have begun to hit Indiana’s Head Start programs, leading to reductions in staff, transportation services and student slots.
A preschool program bill passed committee, but fizzled with an amendment that included a series of changes and no direct funding for a statewide program.
Depending on who you ask, it could cost as much as $8,000 per pupil or as little as $3,500 for a state-funded pre-K program.
Instead of the pilot program, the committee voted to track students at academically-oriented preschools and see if they are prepared for kindergarten.
The Monroe County Community School Corporation says it will offer preschool at Summit Elementary School beginning next fall.