In 2014, Pence stopped the Indiana Department of Education from applying for an $80 million grant that would have established a similar system.
A hearing over state funded preschool is scheduled for Wednesday after Governor Pence made it one of his legislative priorities.
Even if lawmakers don't approve a pre-K voucher program this session, state education officials say there's low-cost work that can be done.
Assuming a proposed pre-K pilot serves children in Indiana's most populous counties, it could cost the state around $25 million.
The proposal would require students who receive a pre-K voucher to take a kindergarten readiness assessment before entering school.
Gov. Mike Pence is taking a very different approach to shaping education policy than his predecessor.
The legislature failed to pass a measure last session that would have created a preschool pilot program.
Half of Indiana children younger than 9 years old are living in low-income households, and 70 percent of low-income 3- and 4-year-olds don't go to preschool.
Automatic federal spending cuts have begun to hit Indiana’s Head Start programs, leading to reductions in staff, transportation services and student slots.
A preschool program bill passed committee, but fizzled with an amendment that included a series of changes and no direct funding for a statewide program.