The bill passed almost exclusively along party lines, with only two Democrats crossing the aisle to vote for the pay freeze.
The bill would loosen the income requirements for families seeking vouchers to send their children to private schools.
The bill passed unanimously but is expected to face greater obstacles when it is heard on the House floor.
Republicans charged Democrats thousands of dollars each in fines for walking out of the House of Representatives in 2011.
Republican lawmakers are preaching caution and a need for increased bipartisanship as they wield unchecked legislative power for the next two years.
Because the GOP has a supermajority in House of Representatives, Democrats must unify if they want to push through any of their initiatives.
House Speaker Brian Bosma announced the Crawfordsville representative's new position Tuesday.
The 5th district covers Pendleton, Carmel, and Westfield.
Uniondale Representative Jeff Espich announced Friday he will not run for re-election.
The major news out of the statehouse this week was the passage of right-to-work in the Indiana House of Representatives.