Gov. Mike Pence and Sen. Tim Kaine both differ slightly from their running mates on the controversial issue.
With credit for time served and good behavior, Patel will be released no later than the end of September.
A federal judge in Indianapolis will hear the preliminary injunction request November 9.
Pence says Trump would appoint conservatives to the Supreme Court who would overturn the Roe v. Wade decision.
Last year, nearly 8,000 abortions were performed in Indiana, a 2 percent drop from the year before.
New changes to state law require an ultrasound at least 18 hours before an abortion.
Planned Parenthood and the ACLU are celebrating the judge's decision, but anti-abortion groups are urging the state to appeal the ruling.
A judge granted the preliminary injunction sought by Planned Parenthood of Indiana and Kentucky. The law was to set to take effect Friday.
Planned Parenthood and the American Civil Liberties Union of Indiana sued the state in April.
An IU reproductive rights expert says the Supreme Court’s ruling on a Texas anti-abortion law could make it easier to strike down some of Indiana’s laws.