On Governor David Wallace's watch, the internal improvements program bankrupted the state and the Potowatomi Indians were exiled to Kansas by armed militia.
Attracted by the promise of inexpensive land, Amish settlers settled in the St. Joseph River Valley, only a few miles south of where the Potawatomi had been.
Many are acquainted with the Trail of Tears, the forced migration of 15,000 Cherokees from the Smoky Mountains to Oklahoma in 1838. But another deadly exodus of Native Americans began in Indiana that same year. Part of the Algonquian group of Indians, Potawatomi people were living in Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois and Indiana at the start of the nineteenth century.