For a young Catholic boy in a small Indiana town in the early 1920s, attending mass felt like "walking through a battlefield”.
When the Klan announced plans to march through Martinsville in 1967, the mayor successfully banned a parade and residents ignored the Klan’s motorcade.
At a time when the KKK permeated the state legislature, a Muncie newspaperman was waging an editorial battle against the oppressive organization.
Even before the founding of the NAACP, an Indianapolis institution came to serve as a crucible for integration.
A national leader among African-American publications, the Indianapolis Recorder newspaper has served the Circle City’s black population since 1895.
Now known as the voice that announces the start of the Indy 500, Indianapolis Motor Speedway owner Mari Hulman George was barred from checking in on the pit crew servicing the race car she owned back in the 1960s.
Although race relations on most college campuses in the 1960s were volatile, the Bloomington campus of Indiana University was relatively progressive in attempting to establish civil rights for all of its students. Despite the state’s Southern ties, and the sometime pervasiveness of the Ku Klux Klan throughout Indiana government, Bloomington provided a less hostile environment for blacks than other places in the state.
The Ku Klux Klan had a resurgence in the early twentieth century. But the Grand Dragon's 1925 conviction ended the Klan's reign.