At a time when other branches of government proved inconsistent on matters of African American rights, the Indiana Supreme Court steadily upheld human rights.
Although Ohio elected a woman to its supreme court in 1922, it was not until 1995 that Indiana would see a woman sitting on its highest state court.
Overlooking the Ohio River at Aurora, Veraestau was built as the home of a member of the state's first Supreme Court and a founder of Franklin College.
Gougar was converted to the cause of women's suffrage by the issue of domestic violence, which she hoped to be able to "vote away".
Two Indiana Supreme Court Justices were recruited into the grim business of holding Nazis accountable for their crimes against humanity during World War II.