Work at the Kingsbury Ordnance Plant was dirty, difficult, and dangerous, and African American employees were consistently assigned to the most hazardous tasks.
Gary—a city that social reformers had already dubbed the “City of the Century”—seemed a perfect site to try out new types of urban housing.
In 1972, thousands of members of the African-American community were “Goin’ Back to Indiana” for a groundbreaking political event.
As the Jacksons’ musical star rose in the late 1960s, their hardscrabble hometown was in decline.
“Goin’ Back to Indiana” was a multi-media phenomenon capitalizing on the legend of the Jacksons’ small-town Hoosier identity.
One of the ways black students encountered racism in Bloomington in the 1940s was in its eating establishments, many of which illegally refused them service. One undergraduate student was particularly frustrated not to be able to get a quick meal between classes. Although George Taliaferro’s life-sized photo hung inside the Book Nook on Indiana Avenue, the defensive back who had led the Hoosiers to their first Big Ten victory in 1945 had to trek all the way to the west side of town to get fed.
In 1901, U.S. Steel settled in Lake County Indiana, to build what would become the world’s largest integrated steel mill.