In 1812, Pennsylvania lawyer John Test and his family moved west, reluctantly settling in the Whitewater River town of Brookville, Indiana.
On the frontier of the young state of Indiana, formal church buildings and trained pastors were few and far between. That's where circuit riders came in.
From 1890 to 1940, the nation's mean center of population inched across Indiana, an indication that the frontier era had drawn to a close.
While John Dillinger might be considered Indiana’s most notorious gangster, and the Reno gang of Seymour credited with having invented the train robbery, a different Hoosier miscreant may have left the largest footprint on American folklore. Before astronaut Virgil “Gus” Grissom put Mitchell on the map, the small town’s best-known native son was undoubtedly Sam Bass.
The prevailing attitude on the frontier was that killing Indians was not a crime, but this massacre sparked a fierce moral debate.