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The cardinal was adopted as the state bird by the 1933 General Assembly. The male is bright red; the female is brown with a dull red crest, wings and tail. Cardinals remain in Indiana year round.
In 1931, the General Assembly adopted the tulip tree as Indiana’s official state tree. Also known as the yellow poplar, it grows very tall and can be found throughout the state. The tree’s distinctive leaves are featured in the border of the official Indiana state seal. The tulip tree gets its name from the lovely bell-shaped greenish-yellow flowers, which appear in May or June.
As for state flower… from 1931 to 1957 the zinnia held the honor, but that changed in 1957 when the general assembly adopted the peony. The peony blooms from the late May to early June in various shades of red, pink and white. It is cultivated widely throughout the state and is frequently used for decorating gravesites for Memorial Day.