Harmonia Early Music

Harmonia Time Capsule: Père Lachaise Cemetery

Let’s take a quick look back in time . . . to a renowned Parisian cemetery.

abelard at pere lachaise

Photo: Olivier Bruchez (flicker/fotopedia)

Purported grave of Peter Abelard and Héloïse d’Argenteuil at Pere Lachaise Cemetery.

Situated in Paris’s 20th arrondissement is Père Lachaise Cemetery.  The cemetery was erected by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1804, the same year he was crowned Emperor of France.  The first person buried at Père Lachaise was a five-year-old girl named Adélaïde Pailliard de Villeneuve.  Adélaïde’s burial reflected Napoleon’s mandate that every citizen had the right to be buried regardless of race or religion.

Meet Me At Père Lachaise: a guided tour of Père Lachaise Cemetery
Anna Erikssön / Mason Bendewald
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album cover

Buried at Père Lachaise are thousands of notable figures.  Among them are the German artist Max Ernst, the infamous Oscar Wilde, and Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, a French playwright and actor better know by his stage name Molière.  Molière’s burial in 1804 helped dispel adverse attitudes toward the cemetery’s inconvenient location and lack of Catholic consecration.

Une Semaine De Bonte: A Surrealistic Novel in Collage
Max Ernst
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Oscar Wilde's Wit and Wisdom: A Book of Quotations
Oscar Wilde
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The School for Wives and The Learned Ladies, by Moliere: Two comedies in an acclaimed translation
Moliere
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The remains of many famous musicians are also housed within the cemetery.  Pianist and composer Ignace Pleyel was buried at Père Lachaise after his death in 1831.  A devoted student of Franz Joseph Haydn, Pleyel set up a publishing company in Paris called Maison Pleyel.  The company produced a complete edition of Haydn’s string quartets, along with the world’s first miniature scores. Pleyel also established a piano firm that supplied Frédéric Chopin with instruments in concert.

Pleyel: Symphonies (1778-1786)
Capella Istropolitana
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album cover

In 1817, the remains of Peter Abelard and Héloïse d’Argenteuil were purportedly moved to Père Lachaise, enhancing the cemetery’s prestige.  While the actual resting place is in dispute, visitors to Père Lachaise traditionally leave love letters as tribute to one of the 12th century’s greatest thinkers and one of the ages’ most legendary couples. Six of Abelard’s monophonic planctus survive, as well as one hymn written for Héloïse’s religious order.

The Letters of Abelard and Heloise
Peter Abelard
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album cover

Today, the cemetery continues to accept new burials; however, there is limited space, and a long waiting list.  That’s no surprising fact!  Père Lachaise is a final home to more than a million, including Jim Morrison of the rock band The Doors.  It is also known worldwide as one of Paris’s most frequented historical sites, attracting hundreds of thousands of visitors per year and standing as a monument to over two hundred years of history.

Break on Through: The Life and Death of Jim Morrison
James Riordan / Jerry Prochnicky
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album cover

Music heard in this time capsule:

Peter Abelard (1079-1142): Tr. 3 – Planctus cigne (excerpt)
Theater of Voices / Paul Hillier — Monastic Song (harmonia mundi, 1998)
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album cover

Peter Abelard (1079-1142): Tr. 3 – Planctus cigne (excerpt)
Theater of Voices / Paul Hillier — Monastic Song (harmonia mundi, 1998)
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Meet Me At Père Lachaise: a guided tour of Père Lachaise Cemetery
Anna Erikssön / Mason Bendewald
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Une Semaine De Bonte: A Surrealistic Novel in Collage
Max Ernst
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Oscar Wilde's Wit and Wisdom: A Book of Quotations
Oscar Wilde
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
The School for Wives and The Learned Ladies, by Moliere: Two comedies in an acclaimed translation
Moliere
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Pleyel: Symphonies (1778-1786)
Capella Istropolitana
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
The Letters of Abelard and Heloise
Peter Abelard
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Break on Through: The Life and Death of Jim Morrison
James Riordan / Jerry Prochnicky
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Laura Osterlund

Laura Osterlund is a scriptwriter for Harmonia, recorder player, and student at McGill Univeristy in Montreal, Canada. In 2007, she moved from the suburbs of Chicago, Illinois to Montreal in pursuit of a B.Mus. with major concentrations in Early Music Performance and Music History. Laura is an active musician throughout Montreal and Chicago and an avid memberof the movement to promote Early Music performance, pedagogy, research, and appreciation throughout North America.

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