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Harmonia Time Capsule: 1638

Let’s take a quick look back in time…we rolled the dice and it added up to 1638.

Triple Portrait of Cardinal de Richelieu painted by Philippe de Champaigne (1602–1674).

Photo: wikipedia

Triple Portrait of Cardinal de Richelieu painted by Philippe de Champaigne (1602–1674).

During the year 1638, Europe was still in the midst of the Thirty Years’ War, and leaders in France and Sweden were trying to regain the upper hand. France’s Cardinal Richelieu provided money to Sweden in aid of their attack on the Habsburgs. Of course, this was not successful, and the war continued for another ten years. During this time, Sweden also established their first settlement of “New Sweden” in America, in a location now known as Delaware.

The Thirty Years War: Europe's Tragedy
Peter H. Wilson
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Music & Poetry from the Period of the Thirty Years
Ensemble Musica Fiorita (Ars Musici, 2011)
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Eminence: Cardinal Richelieu and the Rise of France
Jean-Vincent Blanchard
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1638 was also the year that Anne Hutchinson was expelled from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Hutchinson was a midwife whose biblical beliefs were especially popular among her fellow Puritan women. However, her ideas sometimes conflicted with those of the Puritan ministers. She was found guilty of blasphemy and “traducing the ministers” in both civil and church trials and left Boston with her husband to establish the city of Portsmouth.

American Jezebel: The Uncommon Life of Anne Hutchinson, the Woman Who Defied the Puritans
Eve LaPlante
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In the world of music, the composer Ignazio Donati died in 1638. He is mostly known for his sacred music composed in the style of the Venetian School, which combines the forces of singers and instruments.

Monteverdi's Contemporaries
Early Music Consort of London (EMI Classics Imports, 2000)
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In 1638 Claudio Monteverdi published his eighth book of madrigals, known as Madrigali guerrieri et amorosi or Madrigals of war and love. It includes a piece for three voices that tells the story of two lovers from opposite worlds. Clorinda is a Muslim woman fighting in the Crusades against the English. Tancredi is one of the many Christian knights fighting for the city of Jersualem. These two fall in love but Tancredi accidentally kills Clorinda during a siege.

Music heard in this Time Capsule:

Tr. 2: Combattimento di Tancredi e Clorinda (excerpt)
Cappella Musicale di S. Petronio di Bologna — Monteverdi: Ballo delle ingrate (Naxos, 1996)
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album cover

The Thirty Years War: Europe's Tragedy
Peter H. Wilson
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Music & Poetry from the Period of the Thirty Years
Ensemble Musica Fiorita (Ars Musici, 2011)
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Eminence: Cardinal Richelieu and the Rise of France
Jean-Vincent Blanchard
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
American Jezebel: The Uncommon Life of Anne Hutchinson, the Woman Who Defied the Puritans
Eve LaPlante
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Monteverdi's Contemporaries
Early Music Consort of London (EMI Classics Imports, 2000)
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Tr. 2: Combattimento di Tancredi e Clorinda (excerpt)
Cappella Musicale di S. Petronio di Bologna — Monteverdi: Ballo delle ingrate (Naxos, 1996)
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Harmonia Early Music

Harmonia Early Music is a nationally syndicated weekly early music radio program, podcast and blog produced by WFIU Public Radio.

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