Harmonia Early Music

Harmonia Time Capsule: 1386

Let’s take a quick look back in time... to the battle of Margate, the establishment of the oldest university in Germany, and more...in the year 1386.

Brancacci Chapel

Photo: sputterworth (flickr/fotopedia)

The church of Santa Maria del Carmine in Florence hosts famous Renaissance frescoes in the Brancacci Chapel.

The year 1386 marked the establishment of the oldest university in Germany: the University of Heidelberg. Officially the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, it was named for Rupert I who established the University when Heidelberg was the capital of the German state called the Palatinate.

Sixteenth-century reformer Philipp Melanchthon studied at the University of Heidelberg, but was not granted his master’s because they deemed him too young, so he transferred to the University of Tübingen. Later, when Romantic composer Robert Schumann still sought law as a profession, he also studied at the University of Heidelberg. Today the school emphasizes study of the sciences, and it counts among its graduates many members of the German government.

A Concise History of Germany (Cambridge Concise Histories)
Mary Fulbrook
Buy from Amazon »
album cover

Melanchthon: The Enigma of the Reformation
Robert Stupperich
Buy from Amazon »
album cover

Also during this year, the Battle at Margate occurred as part of the conflicts in French territory known as the Hundred Years’ War. While this war did not last continually for 100 years, the long series of small wars, (which were fought over the course of one hundred sixteen years), reduced the population of French territories by about half. In 1386, the ultimately successful French forces were defeated by the English at Margate, a city in the district of East Kent, when they try to land their naval forces.

The Hundred Years War: The English in France 1337-1453
Desmond Seward
Buy from Amazon »
album cover

In Florence, Italy, work began on the construction of the Brancacci Chapel in 1386. Sometimes called “the Sistine Chapel of the early Renaissance,” it was commissioned by Pietro Brancacci who had been the Florentine ambassador to Cairo for a number of years. The paintings that give the chapel its comparison to the Sistine were not commissioned until 1423 by Brancacci’s nephew, Felice, who had made his fortune as a silk merchant. Access to the private chapel is now possible through a neighboring convent designed by Filippo Brunelleschi.

The Brancacci Chapel
Umberto Baldini / Ornella Casazza
Buy from Amazon »
album cover

Also in 1386, Catherine of Valois, sister of King Charles VI of France, married John of Valois, Duke of Berry. She was eight-years-old.  It is thought that the composer Solage wrote the pieces “Calextone qui fut” and “Corps femenin” in honor of this marriage; though, some think they could also be in honor of Catherine, the granddaughter of Philippe, Duke of Burgundy, who was born seven years later.

The Queen's Lover: A Novel
Vanora Bennett
Buy from Amazon »
album cover

Valois: Kings of France 1328-1589
Robert Knecht
Buy from Amazon »
album cover

Ten pieces are attributed to Solage in the Chantilly Codex, which contains some of the best representations of ars subtilior music from the 14th and 15th centuries.

Codex Chantilly - airs de cour (ballades & rondeaux, 14th century)
Ensemble Organum / Marcel Peres
Buy from Amazon »
album cover

Ars Subtilior
New London Consort
Buy from Amazon »
album cover

Music heard in this time capsule:

Solage : T. 3 – En l’amoureux vergier
Gothic Voices — The Unknown Lover: Songs by Solage and Machaut (Avie, 2006)
Buy from Amazon »
album cover

Solage : T. 3 – En l’amoureux vergier
Gothic Voices — The Unknown Lover: Songs by Solage and Machaut (Avie, 2006)
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
A Concise History of Germany (Cambridge Concise Histories)
Mary Fulbrook
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Melanchthon: The Enigma of the Reformation
Robert Stupperich
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
The Hundred Years War: The English in France 1337-1453
Desmond Seward
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
The Brancacci Chapel
Umberto Baldini / Ornella Casazza
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
The Queen's Lover: A Novel
Vanora Bennett
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Valois: Kings of France 1328-1589
Robert Knecht
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Codex Chantilly - airs de cour (ballades & rondeaux, 14th century)
Ensemble Organum / Marcel Peres
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Ars Subtilior
New London Consort
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Harmonia Early Music

Harmonia Early Music is a nationally syndicated weekly early music radio program, podcast and blog produced by WFIU Public Radio.

View all posts by this author »

Stay Connected

What is RSS? RSS makes it possible to subscribe to a website's updates instead of visiting it by delivering new posts to your RSS reader automatically. Choose to receive some or all of the updates from Harmonia Early Music:

More Subscription Options

Follow Us

Support For Indiana Public Media Comes From

About Harmonia Early Music

About The Hosts

Search Harmonia Early Music

where to hear harmonia