Harmonia Early Music

Harmonia Time Capsule: 1361

Let's take a quick look back in time...to the year 1361.

An illustration from the Roman de Fauvel

Photo: Wikielwikingo

An illustration from the Roman de Fauvel

Edward, Prince of Wales, was granted a papal dispensation to wed Joan “the fair maid of Kent” in 1361. It is believed that, one year prior, the long-affectionate couple had secretly exchanged marriage vows. The difficulty of Edward and Joan’s union was caused partially by Joan’s previous marriages and partially by her and Edward’s kinship – (they were cousins). Nevertheless, despite all controversy, Edward maintained his reputation as a formidable military leader. His victories (at Poitiers and Crécy) earned him popularity among the English, and, from the French, the nickname the “Black Prince.” Joan earned the reputation of “the most beautiful woman in all the realm of England, and the most loving” in a description by the famous chronicler Jean Froissart.

Edward, Prince of Wales and Aquitaine: A Biography of the Black Prince
Richard Barber
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A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century
Barbara W. Tuchman
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The First Princess of Wales: A Novel
Karen Harper
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Johannes Tauler, a German mystic theologian, died in the city of Strasbourg in 1361. Tauler is remembered for his preaching of Christian universalism, a belief that all souls share the same birth and ultimately return to a single divine source. Tauler is also remembered for his loyal service to the city of Basel. In 1348, the Black Death swept through the city. Tauler, however, remained at his post, providing comfort and religious guidance to citizens who had not fled.

Johannes Tauler, Sermons (Classics of Western Spirituality)
Johannes Tauler
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The history and life of the reverend Doctor John Tauler: with twenty-five of his sermons
Susanna Winkworth / Johannes Tauler
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In 1361, the University of Pavia (Italy) was established. A record written by the 9th-century Frankish ruler Lothair I reveals that an educational institution had, in fact, existed in Pavia as early as 825 AD, centuries before the university’s official founding. This makes the site one of Europe’s longest standing centers of learning.

The University and the City: From Medieval Origins to the Present
Thomas Bender
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The Universities of the Italian Renaissance
Paul F. Grendler
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Also in that year was the death of Philippe de Vitry, one of the foremost composers of the Ars nova and a man called “the great philosopher and truth-seeker of our age” by none other than Petrarch.

The term “ars nova” appears in two musical treatises from the 14th century: the Ars novae musicae of Johannes de Muris and what is believed to be the Ars nova notandi of Philippe de Vitry. Described in these treatises are novel compositional techniques concerning rhythm and meter. Motets cast in the Ars nova’s cutting edge mould appear within Philippe de Vitry’s setting of the Roman de Fauvel, a biting and satirical commentary on the contemptible practices of church and state authorities.

Philippe de Vitry: Motets and Chansons
Sequentia
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Music heard in this time capsule:

Philippe de Vitry: O canenda vulgo/Rex quem metrorum
Orlando Consort — 14th Century Motets (Saydisc, 2011)
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Philippe de Vitry: O canenda vulgo/Rex quem metrorum
Orlando Consort — 14th Century Motets (Saydisc, 2011)
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album cover
Edward, Prince of Wales and Aquitaine: A Biography of the Black Prince
Richard Barber
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century
Barbara W. Tuchman
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
The First Princess of Wales: A Novel
Karen Harper
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Johannes Tauler, Sermons (Classics of Western Spirituality)
Johannes Tauler
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
The history and life of the reverend Doctor John Tauler: with twenty-five of his sermons
Susanna Winkworth / Johannes Tauler
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
The University and the City: From Medieval Origins to the Present
Thomas Bender
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
The Universities of the Italian Renaissance
Paul F. Grendler
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Philippe de Vitry: Motets and Chansons
Sequentia
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Heu Fortuna
Ensemble La Rota
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album cover
Harmonia Early Music

Harmonia Early Music is a nationally syndicated weekly early music radio program, podcast and blog produced by WFIU Public Radio.

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