Harmonia Early Music

Cançonièr and the Black Dragon

Music from the time of Vlad Dracula with Cançonièr, Imagem da Melancolia and 17th-century Portugal, and Bach's viola da gamba sonatas on the lautenwerk.

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Cançonièr

Photo: Tom Schapell

Canconier (right to left: Annette Bauer, Shira Kammen, Phoebe Jevtovic, and Tim Rayborn).

Vlad Dracula

When we hear the name Dracula, the image of a bloodthirsty vampire comes to mind thanks to the writer Bram Stoker and his famous 19th-century novel. Yet it seems that Dracula was no vampire at all.

Vlad Dracula, whose last name means “Son of the Dragon” after his father who was a member of the Order of the Dragon, was infamous, however. Dracula was responsible for horrific acts against the Turks in his resistance efforts in the Balkans during the mid-15th Century.

We know of Dracula’s incredibly violent deeds because they were told in a poem by (German poet) Michel Benheim entitled “Story of a Bloodthirsty Madman Called Dracula of Wallachia.” The poem, written during Dracula’s lifetime, was printed a number of times and helped to cement his reputation early on.

Michel Beheim/Oswald von Wolkenstein: "Von ainem wutrich der hies Trakle waida von der Walachei"
Cançonièr (Annette Bauer, Phoebe Jevtovic, Shira Kammen, and Tim Rayborn) — The Black Dragon: Music from the Time of Vlad Dracula (Self-published , 2010)
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Cançonièr and “Son of the Dragon”

The American medieval ensemble Cançonièr has taken inspiration from Benheim’s poem as well as the music from Dracula’s time. Their recording “The Black Dragon” includes traditional and art music of the period in addition to excerpts from the blood-curdling poem.

Several pieces chosen for the program come down to us by way of oral tradition, including Balkan songs from Hungary, Transylvania, Moldavia, and Bulgaria—regions connected with Vlad Dracula.

Eclectic dance music, which played an important role in Hungarian court celebration, is also represented in the program by two 15th-century dances—a French danse du cleves and Italian Amoroso.

Cançonièr’s members are Annette Bauer, Phoebe Jevtovic, Shira Kammen, and Tim Rayborn.

Anonymous: La danse du cleves and Amoroso
Cançonièr (Annette Bauer, Phoebe Jevtovic, Shira Kammen, and Tim Rayborn) — The Black Dragon: Music from the Time of Vlad Dracula (Self-published , 2010)
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Imagem da Melancolia

The oldest city in Portugal is Braga, located in the northwestern part of the country. The city also lays claim to not only being Portugal’s oldest archdiocese but also one of the oldest Christian cities in the world.

During the late 17th Century, one of Braga’s more prominent composers and organists was Pedro de Araújo, who left us just a handful of pieces for the organ which he composed in a style typical of his day.

The modern Portuguese recorder consort Imagem da Melancolia has arranged several of Araújo’s organ pieces and included them in the recording The Bad Tempered Consort, which contains numerous 17th-century Portuguese works (giving Araújo pride of place).

Pedro de Araújo: Batalha and Segundo Tom—3. Obra e Passo
A Imagem da Melancolia Recorder Consort — The Bad Tempered Consort: Portuguese Polyphony from the 17th Century (Challenge Classics , 2009)
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Featured Release

Johann Sebastian Bach’s sonatas for viola da gamba and harpsichord have been recorded over and over again, giving many artists an opportunity to put their mark on some of Bach’s more virtuosic music.

Harpsichordist Robert Hill and viola da gambist Ekkerhard Weber have done likewise in an Ars Musici label recording, yet with a twist. Instead of a traditional harpsichord, Hill plays a lautenwerck (basically, a harpsichord with strings made of gut instead of metal). Bach is said to have owned at least one lautenwerck at the time of his death.

The combination of a viola da gamba and lautenwerck, both strung in gut, creates quite a special sound, to say the least.

Johann Sebastian Bach: Sonata in D major, BWV 1028, II.Allegro, III.Andante, and IV.Allegro
Ekkerhard Weber, viola da gamba, and Robert Hill, lautenwerck (lute-harpsichord) — Sonatas for Viola da Gamba, BWV 1027-1029 & 1038 (Ars Musici , 2009)
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Michel Beheim/Oswald von Wolkenstein: "Von ainem wutrich der hies Trakle waida von der Walachei"
Cançonièr (Annette Bauer, Phoebe Jevtovic, Shira Kammen, and Tim Rayborn) — The Black Dragon: Music from the Time of Vlad Dracula (Self-published , 2010)
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Conrad Paumann: "Mit ganzem Willen"
Cançonièr (Annette Bauer, Phoebe Jevtovic, Shira Kammen, and Tim Rayborn) — The Black Dragon: Music from the Time of Vlad Dracula (Self-published , 2010)
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Hungarian/Transylvanian folk songs: "Azt gondoltam, eso esik" and Instrumental on “Azt gondoltam”
Cançonièr (Annette Bauer, Phoebe Jevtovic, Shira Kammen, and Tim Rayborn) — The Black Dragon: Music from the Time of Vlad Dracula (Self-published , 2010)
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Anonymous: La danse du cleves and Amoroso
Cançonièr (Annette Bauer, Phoebe Jevtovic, Shira Kammen, and Tim Rayborn) — The Black Dragon: Music from the Time of Vlad Dracula (Self-published , 2010)
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Pedro de Araújo: Batalha and Segundo Tom—3. Obra e Passo
A Imagem da Melancolia Recorder Consort — The Bad Tempered Consort: Portuguese Polyphony from the 17th Century (Challenge Classics , 2009)
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Johann Sebastian Bach: Sonata in D major, BWV 1028, II.Allegro, III.Andante, and IV.Allegro
Ekkerhard Weber, viola da gamba, and Robert Hill, lautenwerck (lute-harpsichord) — Sonatas for Viola da Gamba, BWV 1027-1029 & 1038 (Ars Musici , 2009)
Buy from Amazon »
album cover
Bernard Gordillo

Bernard Gordillo was born in Managua, Nicaragua, and raised in New Orleans. He holds degrees from Centenary College of Louisiana, the Early Music Institute at Indiana University, and the Guildhall School of Music and Drama (London). Bernard also writes and hosts the Harmonia Early Music Podcast.

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