In the desert, the absence of water means little or no chemical weathering can take place. Instead, erosion, frost, sedimentation, and the huge temperature fluctuations between day and night break down the rocky surface into sand or gravel.
Carnivorous plants still rely on photosynthesis as their main source of energy. However, because they grow in areas where the soil lacks essential nutrients, they use the insects they capture as a source of nitrogen and other minerals.
Over the past few decades, the earthworm population has severely decreased. Since the New Zealand flatworm accidentally made its way to the British Isles in 1963, it has wreaked havoc on some of the land, devouring fields of earthworms.