A Moment of Science

How To Display Dominance When Training Your Dog

If you read dog-training books, you've probably learned that to control your dog, you have to display dominance. Find out more on this Moment of Science.

Sleeping Golden Retriever puppy

Photo: Richard Stowey (flickr)

1 1/2 month old Golden Retriever puppy

If you read dog-training books or watch dog trainers on TV, you’ve probably learned that to control your dog, you have to display dominance.

It’s commonly thought that because dogs are pack animals, they live according to dominance hierarchies—either you’re the dominant top dog or you’re a submissive underling. So, according to many popular dog-training methods, you’ve got to show a dog who’s boss in order to make it sit, stay, fetch, and obey other commands.

Abusive Training Leads To Violent Behaviors

But a study by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania suggests that using confrontational methods to train dogs often results in pets that are more aggressive and unmanageable. Common techniques include hitting or kicking a dog, growling, rolling a dog on its back and holding it down, staring a dog down and grabbing a dog’s jowls and shaking.

The researchers’ survey of 140 dog owners showed that these aggressive methods resulted in an aggressive response from dogs at least twenty-five percent of the time.

How Should You Train Your Dog?

Many expert trainers advocate treating a dog much as you would a small child. Gentle training techniques emphasize building a healthy relationship with your dog by opening clear lines of communication and establishing a set of rules and boundaries. This includes rewarding dogs for good behavior and not expecting your dog to obey all your commands right away. Like most kids and even many adults, learning to behave takes time and patience.

  • http://www.smartdogstraining.com/ Stop Dog Barking

    Excellently written…! I'd like to add that I agree to the fact that dogs get more aggressive if treated harshly during training. Growing up back home, I (we) knew nothing about dog training but we raised an obedient dog (towards us) but violent (towards strangers and passersby). Now I know it's because we treated it harshly as back then. This is years and years ago by the way and lesson learned :-)

  • http://www.smartdogstraining.com/ Stop Dog Barking

    Excellently written…! I'd like to add that I agree to the fact that dogs get more aggressive if treated harshly during training. Growing up back home, I (we) knew nothing about dog training but we raised an obedient dog (towards us) but violent (towards strangers and passersby). Now I know it's because we treated it harshly as back then. This is years and years ago by the way and lesson learned :-)

  • Anonymous

    When you
    want to train your dog, you can do it in different ways. If you are tight in
    budget, you can train your dogs by your own also. You can have training books
    as your guide for this one.

    new puppy tips

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