On this Moment of Science we discuss how animals came to live on islands. Ever think about that? Here’s something to think about: Islands are surrounded by water on all sides. So how come they have animals living on them? The answer may surprise you; some animals sail.
That’s what iguanas were caught doing on the island of Anguilla in the Caribbean. After two hurricanes stirred things up back in 1995, a group of fifteen green iguanas were found to be living on the island that hadn’t been there before.
Biologist Ellen Censky of the Connecticut State Museum of Natural History had been studying iguanas on Anguilla before the storms and couldn’t imagine where the new ones came from–until some islanders mentioned a series of uprooted trees that had washed ashore. Censky believes that the new iguanas had accidentally gotten caught on the trees and ridden them two hundred miles across the water–all the way from Guadaloupe, where green iguanas are indigenous.
By examining the weather patterns and the currents, Censky has shown that the new iguanas must have spent about three weeks at sea before bumping up on the island. Best of all, after two years the new iguanas were doing fine. That shows that human beings aren’t the only species of animal that moves from one land mass to another by crossing the ocean–whether they mean to or not!