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Indiana Public Media | WFIU Public Radio - NPR | WTIU Public Television - PBS

1922
On January 5, IU physics professor Rolla Roy Ramsey conducts a demonstration of “wireless telephony” for a group of 75 students and faculty. Ramsey’s experiments spark the first calls for a radio station on campus.

1937
Professor Lee Norvelle of the Department of Speech and Theater contracts with WIRE of Indianapolis to produce IU’s first regular radio programs, a series of eclectic 15 minute music and discussion segments.

1942
Professor H.J. Skornia comes to IU as director of radio programs (then a part of the Department of Speech). He begins a massive push for a campus radio station.

1944
The IU Board of Trustees issues a proclamation that “it would be desirable and practicable for Indiana University to own and operate a frequency modulation [fm] noncommercial educational broadcast station.”

1947
The first regular season of The Indiana School of the Sky begins on October 6. The 15 minute program airs every weekday as an educational supplement for elementary and high school classrooms around the state. In its first season, 12 stations carry the program and an estimated 23.5% of Indiana’s high schools tune in during the year.

1950
The IU Department of Radio is created.

The FCC approves application for construction for an fm broadcast station licensed to the trustees of Indiana University with call letters “WFIU” and a frequency of 90.9 fm. Construction is commenced in the late spring and completed on September 26.

WFIU’s first broadcast takes place on September 30, 1950. During its first nine months of operation, the station averages 37.5 hours of programming per week. Residents of nearby dorms occasionally report picking up the station on dental fillings, eyeglasses and electric shavers.

Almost immediately, Bloomington television viewers begin complaining that the WFIU signal interferes with WFBM-TV out of Indianapolis, which had been reaching Bloomington by a freak of the land. WFIU restricts its broadcast to hours when TV is not broadcasting and works with RCA to install local TV sets with “wave traps” to block the far stronger WFIU signal.

1951
WFIU moves on the FM band from 90.9 to 103.7 to eliminate local TV interference problems.

1953
The broadcast day extends from 12:55 p.m. to 10:15 p.m.

Ross Allen joins us as host of Your Sunday Opera.

1955
There are 2,500 discs in the WFIU library.

1957
The WFIU library has grown to 7,500 discs.

1958
The Indiana University Sports Network is launched in September just in time for the football opener, an 18-0 loss to Notre Dame in South Bend. The brain child of professor Dick Yoakam, the IUSN originates broadcasts that are then relayed by partner stations all over the state. The program aims to give aspiring announcers broadcasting opportunity, and for its first three years, HPER graduate student Dick Enberg is student announcer.

1959
The broadcast day is extended by one hour, 12:55 p.m. to 11:15 p.m.

In March, the station carries its first Metropolitan Opera broadcast. (WHAS in Louisville tapes the live Saturday production and sends it to WFIU for broadcast on Tuesday evenings.)

In May, WFIU initiates Jazz Review, a scripted 15_minute program produced by two IU students, Phillip Jones and Richard Bishop. The appearance of this program marks the beginning of WFIU’s continuing commitment to jazz programming.

1960
WFIU receives permission to broadcast Met Opera productions live on Saturday afternoons during the 1960_ 61 season. This makes WFIU the only Met broadcast in the state of Indiana, and one of only two university stations to have carried the Met up to this point in time.

1962
In October, WFIU carries its first broadcast live from Recital Hall in the IU School of Music. (We believe this to have been a piano recital by faculty member Menachem Pressler.)

1963
WFIU moves into the new Indiana University Radio_TV Center, its present home.

1971
WFIU becomes one of 90 charter members of National Public Radio. On May 3, the station carries the first broadcast of All Things Considered, featuring Susan Stamberg as the first woman to anchor a daily national broadcast.

Ether Game is created by Special Projects Director, Don Glass.

WFIU’s first call-in show, Rap Line, created.

1973
On March 18, WFIU begins broadcasting eighteen hours a day, 7 a.m. to 1 a.m.

1974
Elizabeth Burnham of Burnham Unlimited becomes WFIU’s first commercial underwriter when she offers support for Library of Congress Chamber Music Series.

1976
In April, WFIU approaches its public with the question of financial support. The appeal is made with a low_key suggestion in the station’s program guide, Directions in Sound, and is linked to the station’s desire to obtain new equipment for stereo broadcasts.

1977
WFIU holds its first fund drive (Nov. 7-13), which raises $9326 from 519 contributors. The average contribution is $17.97.

1978
In July, WFIU begins broadcasting a stereo signal. The conversion involves 6,200 feet of wire, 3,700 solder connections and 1,100 connectors, as well as a great deal of other equipment.

In October, WFIU announces to its listeners that it will begin distributing its monthly program guide, Directions in Sound, to listeners who join the “Friends of WFIU.”

1979
WFIU provides live coverage of IU Swimming Coach Doc Counsilman’s historic swim across the English Channel. At 58, Counsilman was the oldest person to date to accomplish the feat.

The station begins broadcast of NPR’s Morning Edition, a two hour news and information program.

1980
WFIU goes “on line” with the new NPR satellite system in late February.

In September, WFIU begins airing Music from Indiana, a series of concerts and recitals from the Indiana University School of Music. Produced by WFIU and the IU Center for Music Broadcasting in conjunction with the IU School of Music, the series is distributed to nine stations in a three_state area (Indiana, Illinois, and Michigan).

1981
WFIU produces its first live satellite broadcast when it presents the IU Philharmonic conducted by IU SOM professor Thomas Baldner at Avery Fisher Hall in New York City in April. The program is carried by thirteen stations coast to coast.

Programs from Music from Indiana are chosen to air on National Public Radio’s NPR Recital Hall.

1982
American Public Radio (APR) selects Music from Indiana for national distribution. Located in Saint Paul, Minnesota, at the time APR is responsible for the distribution of such programs as A Prairie Home Companion and the Los Angeles Philharmonic.

1983
Approximately 600 WFIU listeners donate approximately $15,000 as part of a national effort to help save a NPR from bankruptcy.

Music from Indiana is distributed to 60 public radio stations throughout the station.

1985
WFIU announces that Music from Indiana will be made available through NPR’s Extended Program Service, making the series available to all NPR affiliates regardless of secondary affiliation status.

NPR begins distributing Weekend Edition Saturday with Scott Simon.

1987
NPR begins distributing Weekend Edition Sunday, Performance Today, Fresh Air and Car Talk.

WFIU sponsors the Carmichael Competition for original compositions by Indiana composers in classical, jazz and traditional music.

1988
A Moment of Science, a two-minute science module produced in the studios of WFIU, is syndicated nationally.

Why You Can Never Get to the End of the Rainbow, an A Moment of Science book, is published by IU Press.

1989
WFIU invites all of its listeners over its own airwaves to its first annual “Listener Reception” — an event at which listeners can meet and socialize with the station staff and on-air personalities.

1990
WFIU begins broadcasting twenty-four hours a day. The Beethoven Satellite Network is programmed from midnight until 6am each day.

1991
WFIU’s fund drive garners $100,000 in pledges.

Harmonia and Earthnote introduced.

1992
WFIU brings one of radio’s greatest cult figures to Bloomington: Garrison Keillor. WFIU members purchase tickets to see a live performance of Keillor’s American Radio Company (renamed A Prairie Home Companion a year later) and attend a post-performance benefit reception. Proceeds from the reception help the station establish a fund for a working student interested in radio broadcasting—a dream far beyond the resources generated by WFIU’s annual fund drive.

1993
WFIU implements a computer database to store its CD and recording inventory.

1994
Harmonia’s National Women’s History Month Special, “Women’s Voices, Yesterday and Today,” is distributed by Public Radio International and carried by over sixty stations nationally.

1995
From $100,000 in 1991, listener pledges during fund drive double to over $214,000.

Harmonia is syndicated by satellite. Over sixty stations carry the program in a matter of weeks.

WFIU provides information on-line via the World Wide Web.

Terre Haute (now Hometown with Tom Roznowski), is created and broadcast by WFIU.

1996
WFIU adds sound capability to the World Wide Web site. Program samples are available on-line.

Ask the Mayor begins in March.

How Can You Tell if a Spider is Dead?, a second A Moment of Science book, is published by IU Press.

In cooperation with Indiana State University and with support from the Oakley Foundation, WFIU installs a translator (a remote station that receives and rebroadcasts a signal) on top of the ISU School of Education Building. WFIU can now be heard on 95.1 FM in Terre Haute.

1997
An additional translator is installed in Indiana, giving birth to 100.7 FM in Columbus.

1998
Indiana University Kokomo and WFIU install a translator on the IUK campus. Kokomo can now receive the signal on 106.1 FM.

WFIU begins the broadcast of Profiles, a weekly interview program.

1999
WFIU expands its public service on the internet to include, among other things, archived audio interviews of world-renowned artists and interactive musical games and puzzles.

In October, WFIU begins streaming its live broadcast over the internet, becoming one of only 27 public radio stations to offer such a service. With the appropriate computer applications, WFIU’s broadcast service can now be accessed anywhere in the world.

WFIU coordinates with the public radio stations of IPBS-Radio to produce Hoagy!, an hour-long special commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the birth of Bloomington native and IU grad Hoagy Carmichael.

2000
WFIU celebrates 50 years of broadcasting, since its humble beginnings in September 1950.

2004
WFIU adds translators in Greensgurg Indiana (98.9 FM) as well as in French Lick/West Baden (101.7 FM)

2005
WFIU introduces podcasts of several shows, available directly from wfiu.org, or iTunes.

2008
In the summer, WFIU begins broadcasting digitally on 103.7 FM using HD Radio. In addition to the analog FM signal, two digital broadcast streams are available, HD1 and HD2, doubling the amount of content available to listeners equipped with an HD radio. Both HD1 and HD2 are streamed online too, for those that do not have an HD radio.

Just before the 2008 US Presidential Election, WFIU and WTIU launches a special election live coverage website, offering up-to-the-minute tallies of national, state and local election results in WFIU’s coverage area.

Today
Harmonia is now syndicated to over 140 stations nationally.

A Moment of Science airs nationally and on several international networks.

Many WFIU programs are available on several platforms, including HD (digital) radio, online streaming and archives, podcasts, and mobile devices.

The WFIU library now houses over 20,000 recordings, a quarter of which are on CD. This collection grows daily.

WFIU broadcasts 24 hours a day, with a signal strength from Bloomington that covers south-central Indiana, and reaches an average of about 40,000 listeners weekly. Together with the distribution capabilities of national syndication, and its presence on the world wide web, WFIU’s listeners potentially number in the millions.

1969
With support from IU’s president, Herman B Wells, IU applies for, and receives, a television broadcasting license from the FCC. On March 3, WTIU goes on the air for the first time, as an affiliate of the National Educational Television network, or NET. Staffed by just three employees, the station broadcasts on UHF channel 30, for just 29 hours a week, six days a week. Much of the programming is in black and white. The first three shows aired by the station are The Friendly Giant, Mr. Rogers’ Neighborhood, and What’s New.

1970
In October, a new network, the Public Broadcasting Service, or PBS, supersedes NET. WTIU, as a NET station, becomes an affiliate of PBS.

1973
WTIU collaborates with IU Opera Theater on a television production of the opera Myshkin, for which the station wins a Peabody award.

1989
The station celebrates its 20-year anniversary with 17 days of special programming, including musical performances, science specials, and a rebroadcast of the 1976 NCAA basketball championship, Indiana versus Michigan.

2007
Along with most other TV stations around the country, WTIU begins broadcasting in digital on channel 30.1 alongside its analog transmission.

2009
WTIU ends its analog transmissions, begins broadcasting in HD, and launches TIU-2, a digital subchannel with primarily educational programming and telecourses.

2010
WTIU’s channel lineup becomes WTIU-HD, TIU World, TIU Family, and TIU Español.

Indiana Public Media is a producer and distributor of public media from WFIU Public Radio and WTIU Public Television at Indiana University including your favorite programming from NPR and PBS.

Contact

Radio & TV Center
1229 E 7th St
Bloomington IN
47405

Radio: (812) 855-1357
TV: (812) 855-5900
Online Contact Form

WFIU Public Radio

WFIU HD1 & HD2

103.7 FM Bloomington

WFIU HD1

100.7 FM Columbus
101.7 FM French Lick/West Baden
98.9 FM Greensburg
106.1 FM Kokomo
95.1 FM Terre Haute

View radio program schedule »

Listener Response Line
(812) 856-5352

WTIU Public Television

Over-the-Air Digital

Ch. 30.1 WTIU HD
Ch. 30.2 WTIU World
Ch. 30.3 WTIU Family
Ch. 30.4 WTIU Español

Comcast Cable (Bloomington)

Ch. 5 WTIU
Ch. 17 WTIU World
Ch. 305 WTIU Family
Ch. 355 WTIU Español
Ch. 916 WTIU HD

See cable channel numbers for outside Bloomington »

Satellite

WTIU is available to Dish Network and DirecTV subscribers with the Indianapolis local stations package on Ch. 30. The national PBS satellite feed is still available without the local stations package.

View TV program schedule »

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